From 2012 to 2015, there was an increase in the number of patients overall and age 65 years and younger receiving transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), according to a research letter published online in the Journal of the American Medical Association.
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There is mounting evidence that repetitive head impacts from contact sports and other exposures are associated with the neurodegenerative disease chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) and dementia. A new study suggests that contact sports athletes may also be at increased risk for Lewy Body Disease, which can cause Parkinson's disease, a brain disorder that leads to problems with movement and thinking.
The prevalence of pulmonary embolism (PE) during an acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AE-COPD) varies from 3% in an emergency department (ED) to 29% in an inpatient setting, according to a literature review published in the Journal of Emergency Medicine.
A new study at Texas Biomedical Research Institute is shedding light on the role of specific proteins that trigger a mechanism allowing Ebola virus to enter cells to establish replication. The work, published in a supplement to The Journal of Infectious Diseases, was led by Staff Scientist Olena Shtanko. The BSL4 is a high-containment facility that houses research on diseases for which there are no approved vaccines or cures.
Unexpected patterns emerged in the microbial and viral communities of mice with intestinal inflammation during a study that examined the intestinal tracts of diseased and healthy mice. Spearheaded by researchers at North Carolina State University, the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center and the University of Colorado, the study could lead to better understanding of potential causes and markers of inflammatory bowel disease.
Bacteria go extinct at substantial rates, although appear to avoid the mass extinctions that have hit larger forms of life on Earth, according to new research. The finding contradicts widely held scientific thinking that microbe taxa, because of their very large populations, rarely die off.
Metastasis, or the formation of secondary tumors, is a leading contributor to the vast majority of deaths related to cancer. The exact mechanisms for how broken cellular function appears in cells far removed from cancer's primary tumor remain an area of ongoing research. New work looks to explain a century-old hypothesis for how cancer forms hybrids within the body, leading to metastasis
Alzheimer's disease is difficult to diagnose as well as treat, but researchers now have a promising new screening tool using the window to the brain: the eye
The offspring of females fed a low-protein diet during pregnancy and lactation are significantly more likely to develop prostate cancer as they age. This is the main finding of a study performed with rats at São Paulo State University's Bioscience Institute (IBB-UNESP) in Botucatu, Brazil
USC researchers have invented a device that could significantly improve care for people with hydrocephalus, a chronic condition that causes excessive fluid in the brain