Bangladesh is the tenth most densely populated country in the world, with a population of 166 million people living in a land area of approximately 147,560 square kilometers. Between 2010 and 2016, urban poverty rates declined from 21.3% to 18.9%, and rural poverty rates declined from 35.2% to 26.4%. However, in recent years the rate of poverty reduction in Bangladesh has slowed.
Approximately one in four Bangladeshis (24.3% of the population) remain in poverty and 12.9% of the population lives in extreme poverty. The poverty rates and health risks in Bangladesh are directly affected by the country’s high number of internally displaced persons, refugees, and migrants.