All news from Medical Genetics

People Plan For End-Of-Life, When About To Die

Dying To Know Day exists to get people talking and take action toward planning for the end-of-life. A national day of action is encouraging Australians not to wait to talk about death. The Mid North Coast Local Health District is joining the conversation this Dying to Know Day on Aust 8. Palliative Care Development Manager Janice Kilmurray said 75% of the community to have nad end-of-life discussions with their loved ones and less than 10% dies with an advance care plan.

Aging Process Is Same In Space

Researcher estimated that the aging process is the same in space. If you are asking about the passage of time relativistic effects they are insignificant. When an astronaut spends six months on the ISS, it is six months from our perspective and six months from their perspective.

They would have to stay in space for 140 years to have experienced one less second than on the ground. If you are asking about the phenomena of the body reacting to the ravages of time, well space is a stressful place.

Development Of SR Fluorescence Microscopy

Super-resolution (SR) fluorescence microscopy encompasses a variety of techniques that can exceed the diffraction limit the point at which molecular nanostructures can be distinguished from one another. Prior to the development of SR microscopy techniques, conventional wide-field microscopy was unable to distinguish nanostructures that were smaller than 200 nm.

This was because they were unable to go beyond the diffraction limit. Through the use of SR, highly-resolved, dynamic imaging was able to be produced, enabling the interactions between biomolecular structures and cellular architecture to be observed in a way that was previously unachievable.

Noses Affected By Phantom Smells

A new study suggests that by smelling something awful and distinct, like burning rubber or spoiled milk, only to realize that actually. If so, you and your misleading nose are not alone. About 6% of Americans over age 40 experience mysterious "phantom" odors. Phantom odor perception has been observed in medical clinics, but it was not clear about this condition. The study was published in the journal JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

Conversion Of Metalloenzymes To Redox-Active DNA

Enzymes perform very specific functions and require only little energy which is why the biocatalysts are also of interest to the chemical industry. Biologists have now provided a summary on what is known about the mechanisms of enzymes in nature. Moreover, the authors outline a future vision: artificial biocatalysts that are not protein-based, as they usually are in nature, but which are rather made from DNA.

Enzymes perform very specific functions and require only little energy which is why the biocatalysts are also of interest to the chemical industry.  The study was published in the journal Nature Reviews Chemistry. Moreover, the authors outline a future vision: artificial biocatalysts that are not protein-based, as they usually are in nature, but which are rather made from DNA. 

Value Of Global Surgeons Activities For US Academic Health Centers

Researchers estimated 30% of all diseases globally require surgical care and expertise, yet global surgeons based in academic health centers (AHCs) often face institutional barriers that make it difficult for them to take the time to offer their services in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs).

However, a new position paper from the Association of Academic Surgeons (AAS) Global Affairs Committee, surgeons from AHCs has much to gain, including professional education, research experience, and an opportunity to enhance their institution's reputation when AHCs support academic global surgeons from their institutions.  The study was published in the Journal of the American College of Surgeons.

Opioid Prescriptions Remains Unchanged

The research examined that increased attention to opioid abuse, prescriptions have remained relatively unchanged for many U.S. patients. They show that opioid prescription rates have remained flat for commercially insured patients over the past decade. Rates for some Medicare patients are leveling but remain above where they were 10 years ago. The study was published in The BMJ.

Opioid Weaning And Pain Management In Postsurgical Patients

A unique pain program is helping complex surgical patients wean off opioids safely and effectively while offering alternative ways to cope with their pain and improve how they function. A study following 251 surgical patients at risk of developing chronic pain or persistent opioid use.

They found that almost half of patients who did not take opioids before surgery were able to wean off opioids, and one in four of those who did take opioids before surgery were able to wean completely. The study was published in the Canadian Journal of Pain, "Opioid Weaning and Pain Management in Post-Surgical patients at the Toronto General Hospital Transitional Pain Service."

Top Hospitals List In US News By Mayo And Cleveland Clinic

According to US News and World Report, the study showed that the third consecutive year, the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, claimed the number one spot in the annual honor roll of best hospitals. The study was published by US News and World Report. The Cleveland Clinic in Ohio holds the number two spot (again this year) in the annual honor roll, which highlights hospitals delivering "exceptional treatment across multiple areas of care."