The critical, structural changes that enveloped viruses, such as HIV, Ebola and influenza, undergo before invading host cells have been revealed by scientists using nano-infrared spectroscopic imaging.
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To be in top condition for competition, young athletes need proper nutrition – even more than their older counterparts do. "Adolescence is the major growth time for everybody, but boys and girls participating in organized sports are depleting their bodies of energy and proteins and carbohydrates while their bodies are trying to grow, so it's kind of a double whammy for them," said Christopher Ina.
Women who had smoked more than the equivalent of a pack of cigarettes a day for five years, were much more likely to develop ACOS than those who smoked fewer cigarettes or never smoked. But the condition can affect the non-smokers too.
Global tuberculosis control and elimination will require detailed real-time information on the location of individuals with the disease, the presence of drug resistance, and the patterns of transmission. The surveys currently used are only conducted periodically and are not sufficient to effectively control tuberculosis, which causes more than 4,500 deaths daily.
Extended-release naltrexone — an injection that decreases heavy drinking in the general population when taken in conjunction with counseling — appears to help HIV-positive individuals reduce their number of heavy drinking days too, say Yale researchers. This study was published online in AIDS and Behavior.
Value in Health, the official journal of ISPOR (the professional society for health economics and outcomes research), announced today the publication of a scoping review of the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Pilot Clinical Outcome Assessment Compendium. The results indicate that most of the patient-reported outcomes (PRO) measures sampled violate a fundamental premise of patient-focused drug development: that patients are engaged in the development.
The report, Patient-Reported Outcome Measures in the Food and Drug Administration Pilot Compendium: Meeting Today's Standards for Patient Engagement in Development?, was published in the August 2018 issue of Value in Health.
Adolescents with serious conduct and substance use problems are five times more likely to die prematurely than their peers, with roughly one in 20 dying by their 30s, according to new CU Boulder research.
Tobacco users have declined significantly in Bangladesh in the last eight years amid signs that anti-tobacco measures yielded benefits, according to a new survey.
Experts, however, warned against complacency as there are examples in the world that tobacco consumption rose after an initial decline. Japan Tobacco’s entry to Bangladesh also worries them.
Gene expression is a fundamental of life, where each cell switches on and off specific genes. Thus, an autonomous device that could control the on-off switching would have great value in medical care.
A new type of bed net could prevent millions of cases of malaria, according to new research published in The Lancet. The two-year clinical trial in Burkina Faso, West Africa involving 2,000 children showed that the number of cases of clinical malaria was reduced by 12% with the new type of mosquito net compared to the conventional one used normally.
In a pair of new modeling studies, researchers examined how policy reform in terms of drug decriminalization (in Mexico) and access to drug treatment (in Russia) might affect two regions hard hit by the HIV pandemic: Tijuana, Mexico and the Russian cities of Omsk and Ekaterinburg.
The use of mud or wet clay as a topical skin treatment, or poultice, is a common practice in many cultures. In fact, the concept of using mud as medicine goes back to the earliest times.