All news from Science and Technology

Ayushman Bharat and Related Concepts

Nearly 500 million people or 40% of India’s population will have health insurance as the government gears up to launch Ayushman Bharat, a health policy for the underprivileged. Modalities with respect to its pricing are still being worked out, but the scheme will be financed by the centre and the state governments.

Molecular Mechanisms Underlying Expansive Arterial Remodeling

Expansive arterial remodeling (EAR) comprises a genetically programmed biological response designed to restore homeostatic levels of arterial wall stress after an increase in vessel flow load occurs.

The magnitude and rate of EAR reactions relative to local hemodynamic stress fields and the tensile strength of vascular tissue determines whether the process will result in a stable mural structure (adaptive remodeling) or an unstable mural structure that progresses to form an aneurysm (maladaptive remodeling).

Hearing Protein Forms Mechanosensory Transduction Channels in Inner Ear Hair Cells

Scientists examined that they have ended a 40-year-quest for the elusive identity of the sensor protein responsible for hearing and balance. They reveal that TMC1, a protein discovered in 2002, forms a sound- and motion-activated pore that allows the conversion of sound and head movement into nerve signals that travel to the brain a signaling cascade that enables hearing and balance. The study was published in Neuron.

 

Resistance Exercises Improves Insulin Resistance, Glucose Levels

Research has looked at the molecules that result in this contradiction. Exercise is associated with skeletal muscle inflammation, yet physical activity has beneficial effects on type 2 diabetes (T2D). Skeletal muscle inflammation is emerging as a potential contributor to T2D. Inflammation occurs during exercise and repair and it is also a hallmark of myopathies, a number of conditions that cause muscle weakness. This suggests that exercise has a crucial role in keeping the glucose levels balanced in skeletal muscle.

Emergency Departments Overwhelmed By Patients

District Health Boards around the country are struggling more than ever to meet the Ministry of Health's target of getting 95% of patients through emergency departments in six hours. MidCentral DHB reported just 82% of patients over the six months to the end of June were admitted or discharged within the target time. For the same period last year, it was 89.5%.

MidCentral DHB spokeswoman Lyn Horgan said an increase in the number of people presenting at the Palmerston North Hospital emergency department was partly to blame. The predicted presentation rate to any ED is expected to increase by 1% every year; this year there has been a 4% increase for MidCentral.