All news from Epidemiology

In the U.S., The HIV Viral Suppression Rates Tripled in Two Decades

Rates of HIV viral suppression have nearly tripled among people living with HIV (PLWH) in the U.S. between 1997 and 2015, according to new findings. "Viral-suppression rates are rapidly improving among patients with HIV who are in clinical care; however, disparities still exist," Dr. Heidi M. Crane said.

"A number of factors are contributing to these improving rates including higher HIV-treatment rates. Interestingly, in the most recent era among patients on treatment, use of integrase inhibitors is contributing to better viral-suppression rates."

People Suffering From Hearing Loss Needs Surgery

The quality of life of many South Africans of different ages is affected by hearing loss. Although hearing aids offer a solution for many, they're not always equally effective. The unfortunate reality is, however, that only a small percentage of people suffering from hearing loss are eligible for surgery. “It depends on the type of hearing loss." The study was published in Healthy Hearing.

Incidence And Prevalence Of Type 2 Diabetes In Norway

Type 2 diabetes is one of the major chronic diseases and the patient group has increased year upon year, therefore, it is great to see the decline in the number of new cases among all the age and education groups, and among most of the immigrant groups. They hope to continue our research with annual updates that will become part of the Institute's health surveillance. It is of great interest to follow the development of type 2 diabetes over time.

Mediterranean Diet Might Help To Fight Against Psoriasis

New research bolsters the notion that the Mediterranean diet might help fight immune-system disorders like psoriasis. A study of more than 3 500 French psoriasis patients, Specifically, the closer an individual adhered to the nutritious "Mediterranean" diet, the less onerous their psoriasis became. This was true regardless of whether or not the patient was obese.

The study was published in JAMA Dermatologyfound that the healthier their diet, the less severe their symptoms. The Mediterranean diet is heavy on fruits, vegetables, whole grains, fish, olive oil and nuts, and light on red meat, dairy, and alcohol.

It's long been recommended as "heart healthy" by groups such as the American Heart Association. Now, the new research bolsters the notion that the regimen might also help fight immune-system disorders such as psoriasis.

HIV Self-testing via Text Message to Sex Workers in Kenya Promoted, Study

Across the globe, HIV prevalence among sex workers is estimated to be as much as 12 times that of the general population. In Kenya, HIV prevalence among sex workers is about 30% compared to 5.4% in the general population.

A number of studies have found that bringing HIV self-testing to potential users can increase HIV testing rates among key populations such as sex workers.