All news from Anaesthesiology

Hemidystrophic Thorax: Significant Rib Humps that Mimic Scoliosis

Pectus Excavatum (PE), Pectus Carinatum (PC), Poland Syndrome (PS), Sunken Chest Deformity (SCD), Barrel Chest Deformity (BCD), Body Builder Deformity (BBD), and Long Upper Chest Wall (LCW) are Chest Wall Deformities (CWDs) that are documented in the medical literature. A scoliotic CWD, unlike PE or PC, does not only concern the anterior chest wall but is an expression of thoracic torsion due to the scoliotic torsion of the spine and adjacent ribs.

Time Not Only Factor In Emergency Care

Researchers have been taking a closer look at what happens in the brain during and after a stroke, particularly at patterns of blood circulation. We need to rethink a basic rule that has guided stroke care for the past 25 years, declares the brain specialist who first proposed it. The study was published in the Journal of Stroke & Cerebrovascular Diseases. 

A stroke occurs when the blood supply to a part of the brain stops and cells begin to die due to lack of oxygen and nutrients. There are two main types of stroke: ischemic and hemorrhagic. Ischemic strokes, which result from clots or blood vessel constrictions, are by far the most common. Hemorrhagic strokes occur when vessels burst.

New Approach for Treating Brain-eating Amoeba Infections

The amoeba Naegleria fowleri is commonly found in warm swimming pools, lakes and rivers. On rare occasions, the amoeba can infect a healthy person and cause severe primary amebic meningoencephalitis, a "brain-eating" disease that is almost always fatal. Other than trial-and-error with general antifungal medications, there are no treatments for the infection.

Comparative Efficacy and Tolerability Of Medications For ADHD In Children

There has been an increase in the use of medications to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in both adults and children between 2001 and 2015, a study involving over 154 million individuals from 14 countries in Europe, North America, Asia, and Australasia. The study provides the most comprehensive analysis yet of trends in ADHD medication use. The study was published in the journal The Lancet Psychiatry.

FRESH Program Approach Benefits Women at Risk of HIV

The program addresses the persistently elevated risk of HIV infection among young women in South Africa from two angles—first, investigating biological factors that modulate infection risk along with the early immunologic events following viral exposure, and second, alleviating the socioeconomic factors that limit opportunities for young women, the group at greatest risk of infection in the region of the world hardest hit by the HIV epidemic. The study is published in Science Immunology.