All news from Anaesthesiology

Unique Protein Synthesis Machinery In Mitochondrial Ribosomes

A team of researchers has resolved its very special structure for the first time. Sleeping sickness-causing parasites contain an unusual protein synthesis machinery. Ribosomes are among the most important molecular machines within the cell that hardly changed in the course of evolution. Their function is to read copies of our genes, or building plans, and to translate them into proteins. The study was published in Science.

Most Powerful Electron Microscope Can Capture Objects Of Picometres In Size

Two Nobel laureates launched what has been dubbed “Australia’s most advanced electron microscope” at the University of Sydney’s Nanoscience Hub this week. The 4.5 m tall Thermo Fisher Themis-Z transmission electron microscope is so powerful it can capture objects that are mere picometres in size or one trillionth of a meter.

It can see down to levels of about 0.06 nanometers, which is about half the size of a hydrogen atom,” said New South Wales Chief Scientist and Engineer Professor Hugh Durrant-Whyte at the launch event.

People Living In Most Deprived Neighborhoods Likely To Die Alone At Home

According to a study, researchers examine people living in the most deprived neighborhoods are 24% more likely to die alone at home than those in the least deprived areas. Dr. Anna Schneider and Dr. Iain Atherton analyzed data on all 53,517 people who died within a year after the Scottish census 2011, using the census and death record data. They were also less likely to die in a hospice or care home.

Ayushman Bharat: India’s New Health Base

Preparations for Ayushman Bharat began two years before Union finance minister Arun Jaitley announced the government’s flagship health insurance programme in his 2018 Budget speech. The training of a new cadre of community health officers to staff health sub-centres that serve a population of 5,000 began across many states in summer 2017, setting the stage for the treatment of simple fever, infections and pain, and early diagnosis and timely referrals to hospitals at the village level.

Eye Damage Caused By Spaceflight Influenced By Weight

A study showed that heavy astronauts risk eye damage caused by space-flight. They all will be paying close attention to new research into a condition called spaceflight-associated neuro-ocular syndrome (SANS), which causes potentially damaging changes in the eye during spaceflight. The study was published in the American Journal of Physiology suggests the potential severity of the syndrome may be related to how much an astronaut weighs.

Development of Medical Devices for Pediatric Patients, FDA

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced that it has awarded five grants totaling up to $6 million per year over the next five years to Pediatric Device Consortia (PDC) across the country that will provide advice and support services to innovators of children's medical devices. The program aims to enhance the development, production and distribution of pediatric medical devices and has awarded $37 million to various consortia since 2009.