All news from Anaesthesiology

Changes In The Human Body in Outer Space

It's a completely different environment, with forces unfamiliar to the human body. So, what are a few of the changes human bodies can expect when venturing into outer space. When it comes to space travel, South Africans, or the country itself, don't really come to mind, like NASA for example.

 But things are changing, especially with Mark Shuttleworth circa 2002, Adriana Marais as a Mars One finalist, Elon Musk making massive strides with his company SpaceX, and the country getting its very own National Space Agency.

Holding Back Sneeze Could Rupture Your Pharynx

Holding back a sneeze by pinching your nose while keeping your mouth closed may cause physical injury, doctors writing in the journal BMJ Case Reports have reaffirmed. In one such documented case, an otherwise healthy 34-year-old man in the U.K. suffered a tear in the back of his throat after sneezing while stifling it, by sealing both airways. The man was left barely able to speak or swallow and was in "considerable pain," so he went to a hospital emergency department.

Cognitive Functioning & Structural Brain Abnormalities In People With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Type 2 diabetes has been linked with an increased risk of cognitive dysfunction and dementia, but the underlying mechanisms are uncertain. The study, imaging tests revealed that changes in white matter regions of the brain that are indicative of small vessel disease are associated with decreased processing speed (the time it takes a person to do a mental task) in people with Type 2 diabetes.

Also, higher blood pressure and worse kidney function were related to worse cognition. The study was published in Diabetic Medicine. 

Emergency Cases In Dermatology

Emergencies in dermatology are rare, but when they occur, dermatologists or other health care professionals need to act fast. Dr. Ramos-e-Silva, professor and chair of the University Hospital and Federal University School of Medicine, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, discussed this at the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology Congress in Paris on Friday.

Determine The Statewide MOR Of Suicide Completion Among EMTs

According to a study, researchers examine that emergency medical technicians' risk for suicide is 39% higher than the general public. Neil Vigil, a second-year UA medical student, and Bentley Bobrow, MD, associate director of the Arizona Emergency Medicine Research Center Phoenix and professor in emergency medicine at the UA College of Medicine-Phoenix, recently completed the first peer-reviewed publication that specifically studied EMTs.

Kindness Reduce Depression in Individuals

The most disagreeable individuals, who are also the least likely to be kind, can benefit most from behaving more compassionately. More than 640 people who were mildly depressed took part in the study which tracked the results of online compassion training.

Researchers asked the participants, who were on average in their mid-30s, to take part in one of three online compassion intervention exercises including a control condition. They were asked to complete their exercise and report back via an online platform every other day for three weeks. The study was published in the journal Translational Issues in Psychological Science.

Depression May Raise Risk Of Heart Attack And Stroke

Levels of anxiety and depression were seen in people who have a common heart rhythm disorder called atrial fibrillation may be affected by how the heart condition is treated, a new study suggests. Past studies have shown that anxiety, distress, and depression are common among people with AFib. The new study was published in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

They looked at personality traits and levels of anxiety and depression in 78 patients who had sought treatment for the disorder. Twenty chose to have an ablation, a procedure that destroys the heart tissue causing the abnormal heartbeat; the other 58 were on medications to control their heart rate and prevent blood clots.

Cell Connections Could Impact Circadian Rhythm

Every cell in the body has a circadian clock, but researchers were unclear about how networks of cells connect with each other over time and how those time-varying connections impact network functions. 

Researchers developed a unified, data-driven computational approach to infer and reveal these connections in biological and chemical oscillatory networks, known as the topology of these complex networks, based on their time-series data. The study was published in PNAS,

More Women Than Men Veterans With Chronic Pain Use Therapies Like Yoga and Acupuncture

A recent major shift in practice by the Veterans Health Administration (VA) now means that complementary and integrative health (CIH) therapies such as meditation, yoga, and acupuncture are increasingly being offered to VA patients as non-drug approaches for pain management and related conditions, says Elizabeth Evans, an epidemiology researcher in the School of Public Health and Health Sciences at the University of Massachusetts Amherst