All news from Anaesthesiology

Better Understandings on Spread of Influenza Virus

The seasonal flu is caused by different subtypes of Influenza A virus and typically leads to the death of half a million people each year. In order to better understand this virus and how it spreads, University of Minnesota Medical School researchers took a closer look at the cells inside the lungs.

What they discovered is not only is the immune system response tuned to the amount of virus replication, it's also tuned to the viral spread. This deeper and more accurate understanding of the influenza virus and how it spreads could be the building blocks to better protective therapies for patients in the future.

Poor-Quality Health Care Increased Mortality Rates

Recent gains against the burden of illness, injury, and disability and commitment to universal health coverage (UHC) are insufficient to close the enormous gaps that remain between what is achievable in human health and where global health stands today, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

Variations In A Cell's Protein Factory

Scientists are studying the factors within a cell that can influence noise. They discovered that for 85% of genes, the noise magnitude is higher in the last step as compared to the first step. You can think of a cell in your body like a miniature factory, creating a final product called proteins, which carry out various tasks and functions.

In this cellular factory, genes control the series of sequential steps needed to create proteins, much like an assembly line moving a product along to completion. This process is known as gene expression. The study was published in the scientific journal Cell Systems.

Palliative Sedation Become Euthanasia

A special issue of the journal Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics is devoted to the controversial issue of palliative sedation. As the editor, bioethicist Daniel Sulmasy points out, palliative sedation has special relevance for Christians.

For them, the relief of unnecessary suffering is a duty, but euthanasia is wrong. Identifying the right response to suffering at the end of life is often perplexing, especially since some doctors use palliative sedation as terminal sedation rendering patients unconscious and withdrawing hydration and nutrition until they die.

Hospice Care Is Not Just An End-Of-Life Service

According to a new study, researchers examine many people associate palliative care with end of life care in a hospice, but it also includes caring for people who have life-limiting conditions like multiple sclerosis or lupus. The condition limits her mobility and ability to work. She has been receiving in-home palliative care for more than 25 years and she says it has changed her life.

Nurse Staff Regulations Did Not Improve Patient Mortality And Complications

In 2014, Massachusetts lawmakers passed a law requiring a 1:1 or 2:1 patient-to-nurse staffing ratio in intensive care units (ICU) in the state, as guided by a tool that accounts for patient acuity and anticipated care intensity.

The regulations were intended to ensure patient safety in the state's ICUs, but new research led by physician-researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) and published today in Critical Care Medicine found the staffing regulations were not associated with improved patient outcomes.