All news from Anaesthesiology

Electron Microscope Views The Image In Maximum Size

The average microscope, or optical microscope, can only maximize the view of an object by 10,000. Whilst the optical microscope has led to some great discoveries in science, it has nothing on the electron microscope, which can amplify the view of its subject by 100,000%.

For one week only two electron microscopes (each costing a cool $70,000 each) will be based at the Naracoorte High School. Each class will have the opportunity to gaze at things such as plants, minerals, and insects in high definition.

HPV Vaccine Reduce Risk Of Transmitting Devastating Throat Disease To Children

The human papillomavirus, or HPV, has been a well-recognized risk factor for developing several types of cancers. Initially, it was a known precursor to cancers of the cervix, with certain sub-types of the virus predisposing women to HPV lesions (genital warts) and formation of cancerous growths.

In more recent years, the association of HPV and head and neck cancers, specifically those of the tonsil, larynx (voice box), tongue, and sinus in otherwise healthy under 65-year-old non-smokers and non-drinkers has led to HPV-related head and neck cancers becoming known as 'baby-boomer' cancers.

Malnutrition Is An Issue For More Than Half Of Patients In Intensive Care

They have known for a long time that certain patients in the intensive care unit recover faster and have better clinical outcomes if they receive enough nutrition. Often, critically ill patients require tube feeding in order to get the nutrition and calories they need while receiving respiratory therapy and mechanical ventilation.

Patients In The ICU

However, many patients in the ICU have their feeding tubes taken out and are encouraged to eat and drink, as soon as they no longer need this respiratory therapy. Our research shows that more than half of patients in intensive care units don't get enough nutrition because they eat less than a third of their meals.

Intensive Care

Of particular concern are patients who stay in intensive care for longer periods and whose nutritional intake remains poor even after they leave the ICU.

Use of Interpreter Services in the Emergency Department

Emergency department interpreters are vital to quality care, according to an article published in the October issue of the Annals of Emergency Medicine. Researchers write that about 8 percent of the U.S. population older than 5 years has limited English proficiency.

This language barrier can compromise care during a medical emergency. Yet interpreter services may be underutilized because of a lack of hospital resources, a lack of trained and available personnel, or a lack of guidelines for emergency health care providers in a specific hospital or state.

Palliative Care Provides An Extra Layer Of Treatment

Patients with serious illnesses, such as cancer, often suffer from more than just the physical symptoms of their disease. They may struggle emotionally and deal with depression and anxiety. Palliative care can offer an “extra layer” of treatment to help patients experience a better quality of life.

Also called comfort or supportive care, it is designed to treat the whole person. Palliative care can be given at any time during the progression of a disease, they offered earlier to people and not just in the late stages of illness. She discussed the benefits of palliative care.

How To Reset Body Internal Rhythm?

You rarely think about it, but every second of every day your body functions according to its own unique timetable or body clock. At certain moments your hormones will fire, your energy levels may surge or plummet, hunger can kick in or subside, and your body could either wake up or close up shop for the day.

All of this happens thanks to your circadian rhythm, which is carefully set by your internal ‘body clock’, a small group of nerve cells, the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), found in a region of the brain called the hypothalamus that is responsible for the synchronization of these body's essential processes 

Skin Deep Understanding Disparities In Dermatology Services

According to a new study, the odds of a black or Hispanic patient visiting an outpatient dermatologist are about half that of a white patient with the same skin condition. The study was published in JAMA Dermatology. Patients most likely to receive outpatient dermatologic services in the study were white, educated women. The findings are among several that describe disparities in the use of outpatient dermatology services.

AI Predict Outcomes For People At Risk Of Psychosis And Depression

Machine learning, also known as artificial intelligence, could be a useful tool for predicting how well people at high risk of psychosis or with recent onset depression will function socially in the future, an international research study has found.

The research has been published today in the journal JAMA Psychiatry. It was funded by the European Union's 7th Framework Programme, the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia and the European Union National Health and Medical Research Council.

Fiber Optic Sensor Measures Tiny Magnetic Fields

Researchers have developed a light-based technique for measuring very weak magnetic fields, such as those produced when neurons fire in the brain. The inexpensive and compact sensors could offer an alternative to the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) systems currently used to map brain activity without the expensive cooling or electromagnetic shielding required by MRI machines.