All news from General Surgery

Parental Leave Policies Fall Short for Med School Residents

 

Parental leave policies for resident physicians are lacking at many medical schools and even at the specialty medical boards that guide medical school policies. Those that do have such policies generally allow only about 6 weeks for maternity leave, which is well short of the 8.6 weeks typically provided to faculty, according to new research. The work appears as two research letters in this week's issue of JAMA.

 

Doctors Rarely Advice Patients about Healthy Lifestyle Changes

 

Too rarely do doctors give their patients advice about healthy lifestyle changes. A statistical analysis of US health data conducted by MedUni Vienna researchers together with international partners has shown that people suffering from obesity, diabetes and other high-risk conditions are much too rarely encouraged to eat more healthily and to take more exercise. In terms of prevention, much more emphasis should be placed on this.

 

Your Postal Code has Role in Your Risk of Major Diseases: McMaster study

Where you live in Canada may play a role in your risk of major diseases like cardiovascular disease, diabetes and cancer.  Researchers at McMaster University have identified trends linking health and lifestyle factors like access to public transit, the variety of fresh fruits and vegetables in grocery stores, the prices of popular foods, the availability and prices of cigarettes and alcohol, and the promotion, or lack thereof, of healthy foods in restaurants. The study findings, based on detailed data collected across Canada's 10 provinces, were published in the journal Cities and Health.

Leprosy In Morocco Has Declined By Preventive Drug

Since 2012, the number of cases of leprosy in Morocco has declined by more than 16 percent per year. That change can be attributed to the implementation, beginning in 2012, of single dose rifampicin as a preventive to spread leprosy through households; researchers report in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases this week.

Research Finds Opioids May Help Chronic Pain

In a study published today by the  Journal of the American Medical Association  ( JAMA ), McMaster University reviewed 96 clinical trials with more than 26,000 participants and found opioids provide only small improvements in pain, physical functioning and sleep quality compared to placebo.

The New Way To Cut The Power Of Tumors

Instead of tackling tumors head-on, an international team of researchers from the University of Geneva (UNIGE) and the Amsterdam UMC, location VUmc in Amsterdam has chosen to regulate their vascularization by intervening with the cellular receptor that is explicitly overexpressed in tumor blood vessels.

Deadly Marburg Virus Found In Sierra Leone Bats

Scientists have discovered Marburg virus in fruit bats in Sierra Leone. This is the first time the deadly virus has been found in West Africa. Five Egyptian rousette fruit bats tested positive for active Marburg virus infection. Scientists caught the bats separately in three health districts: Moyamba, Koinadugu, and Kono.