All news from Anaesthesiology

Cancer-Fighting Drug Headed to International Space Station

SpaceX is targeting June 29 as the launch date for its next cargo resupply mission to the International Space Station. At 5:41 a.m. EST (0941 GMT), a previously used Dragon cargo ship will lift off from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, ferrying a fresh batch of research experiments and supplies to the orbital outpost. 

This flight will mark the 12th launch this year for SpaceX and its 15th overall cargo resupply mission. In a media teleconference on June 11, NASA provided a preview of the research payloads expected to be delivered to the station later this month.

Gender Based Skin Differences Drive Treatment Choices

Should men and women be treated with the same facial products in the same way? A literature review by an international group of physicians shows that the physiological skin parameters of hydration, transepidermal water loss, sebum, microcirculation, pigmentation, and thickness differ among men and women suggesting that treatment choices should differ as well.

Understanding the physiological, chemical, and biophysical characteristics of the skin help us develop a proper approach for the management of skin diseases,” wrote the authors of a review that focuses on sex differences of skin. The study was published in the International Journal of Women's Dermatology.

Rapid Test for Diagnosing Tuberculosis in People with HIV Developed

An international team that includes Rutgers scientists has made significant progress in developing a urine diagnostic test that can quickly, easily and inexpensively identify tuberculosis infection in people also infected with HIV.

TB is the leading infectious disease killer in the world and the most common cause of death for people living with HIV, although most TB deaths can be prevented with early diagnosis and treatment. The findings were announced at the September 26, 2018, United Nations meeting on TB.

Severity Of SAD Symptoms In The Winter Associated With An Increase In Cerebral Serotonin

Depression is notoriously hard to study, but what if you could switch depression on and off and look at the biological differences between when people are depressed and when they are not? Now a study of seasonal depression, SAD (Seasonal Affective Disorder).

They suggest that some people, and especially women, can avoid depression by maintaining or even increasing levels of the neurotransmitter serotonin throughout the year, even though they carry a gene which would normally cause winter blues. The study was published in the journal European Neuropsychopharmacology.

Breathlessness: Hidden Problem of Many

"It just stops your life, stops you from living."  This quote from an anonymous patient sums up the experience of millions of sufferers of a health problem that's rarely recognised or even discussed, yet has a major impact on their lives. Simply put, these people can't catch their breath. And when the problem gets worse it can lead to a crisis situation. In fact, it may be responsible for as many as 20% of ambulance trips to the hospital.

New Technology Sequences In Cell Nuclei Into Biological Events In Heart Disease

Scientists using a powerful new technology that sequences RNA in 20,000 individual cell nuclei have uncovered new insights into biological events in heart disease. In animal studies, the researchers identified a broad variety of cell types in both healthy and diseased hearts and investigated in rich detail the "transcriptional landscape," in which DNA transfers genetic information into RNA and proteins.

This is the first time to our knowledge that massively parallel single-nucleus RNA sequencing has been applied to postnatal mouse hearts, and it provides a wealth of detail about biological events in both normal heart development and heart disease. The study was published in Genes & Development.

Study Suggsts Elite Athletes Need Hobbies too

Elite sport demands of athletes that they give the utmost of both body and mind. That physical rest is needed after training and competing is generally accepted, but relatively little consideration is given to mental recovery, knows researcher Yannick Balk. He proved that elite athletes—and their coaches—perform better if they relax regularly, and researched how they can best do that.