All news from Anaesthesiology

Radiation Therapy Effective In Treating Oropharyngeal Cancer

Adding more evidence to the comparison between radiation therapy and surgery in treating an increasingly diagnosed head and neck cancer, a new study by researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center found no major long-term differences in the effectiveness of the two therapies.

Given these results, investigators suggest quality-of-life factors should help inform a treatment decision. The study was published in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

Asthma Contributes to Childhood Obesity Epidemic, Study Finds

Toddlers with asthma are more likely to become obese children, according to an international study led by USC scientists. The finding is a turnabout for children's health as obesity has often been seen as a precursor to asthma in children, not the other way around. The study, conducted by a team of 40 scientists including researchers at the Keck School of Medicine of USC, was recently published in the European Respiratory Journal.

Sextortion Prevalence Behaviors Among Teens, Study

According to the United States Department of Justice, "sextortion" is labeled as the most important and fastest-growing cyberthreat to children, with more minor victims per offender than all other child sexual exploitation offenses. Sextortion is the threatened dissemination of explicit, intimate, or embarrassing images of a sexual nature without consent. It is usually for the purpose of getting more images, sexual acts, money or something else.

Bangladesh’s Journey Towards Zero Maternal Deaths

Reliable and better notification of maternal deaths is essential for the successful diagnosis of barriers to care and formulation of targeted interventions to get to zero maternal deaths. Indeed, maternal and perinatal death surveillance can provide a better scope for planning and prevention of maternal and perinatal deaths.

Bangladesh has been steadily progressing towards reducing maternal deaths, and the present maternal mortality rate at 176/100,000 live births according to the UN estimation; however, the sustainable developmental goal (SDG) target is to reduce maternal deaths to less than 70 per 100,000 livebirths by 2030.

Low-Dose CT Better Measures Spondyloarthritis Bone Formation

Low-dose CT scan is more effective for the evaluation of new bone formation in progressive spondyloarthritis than x-ray, new data show. "You can see much more bone formation over a shorter period of time than with conventional radiography," said Désirée van der Heijde, MD, from the Leiden University Medical Center in the Netherlands, here at the International Congress on Spondyloarthritides 2018