All news from Anatomy

Use of Jewelry to Relieve Teething Pain in Children, Warns FDA

The FDA warned that they should not be used to relieve teething pain in children or to provide sensory stimulation to persons with special needs, such as autism or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The FDA has received reports of death and serious injuries to infants and children, including strangulation and choking, caused by teething jewelry, such as amber teething necklaces.

Universal Suicide Risk Screening in Medical Settings, New Guidance

A new report, authored in part by researchers at the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), part of the National Institutes of Health, provides guidance on how to implement universal suicide risk screening of youth in medical settings. The report describes a way for hospitals to address the rising suicide rate in a way that is flexible and mindful of limited resources.

New Changes Occurring in the Brain in Early Alzheimer's Disease

Researchers at the University of Eastern Finland have discovered new changes occurring in the human brain in the early stages of Alzheimer's disease. The researchers used a multiomic approach to determine RNA, protein, and phosphorylation levels and carried out further neurobioinformatic analyzes on them. The findings, drawing on data from a Finnish biobank of brain tissue samples, were published in Neurobiology of Disease.

Prevalence of Colistin-Resistant Bacteria in Residents in Vietnam

A team of researchers led by Osaka University examined the dissemination of colistin-resistant bacteria among residents of rural communities in Vietnam to find that the prevalence of colistin-resistant Escherichia coli (CR-E) in the intestines was extremely high, at about 70%. This Escherichia coli (E. coli) is a non-pathogenic bacterium, so the residents have no symptoms, but the detection of this type of E. coli in developed countries has been infrequently reported.

Destruction of HIV Reservoirs, New Approach

Current HIV treatments need to be taken for life by those infected as antiretroviral therapy is unable to eliminate viral reservoirs lurking in immune cells. Institut Pasteur scientists have identified the characteristics of CD4 T lymphocytes that are preferentially infected by the virus – it is their metabolic activity1 that enables the virus to multiply. Thanks to metabolic activity inhibitors, the researchers have managed to destroy these infected cells, or "reservoirs", ex vivo. Their findings were published in the journal Cell Metabolism .

Threat at Vietnam: Bacterial Resistance to Last-Resort Antibiotic

Researchers at Osaka University have discovered that polymyxin E-resistant Escherichia coli is widely prevalent among people living in rural Vietnam. Polymyxin is an antibiotic that is used to prevent the growth of Gram-negative bacteria such as E.coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa . It is one of a few remaining drugs that can treat multidrug-resistant bacteria and is categorized as a last-resort antibiotic by the World Health Organization.

Repetitive Head Impacts in Sports: More Insights

A new study has found that eyeball and eyelid movement, or oculomotor function, which is used to detect symptomless brain injury, can be impaired by mild, repetitive head impacts in football players. But the function may adapt mid-season, even as athletes continue to incur head impacts.

Identifying Genes Associated With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Irregular periods, often with weight gain, or just irregular periods and infertility," said Corrine Welt, M.D., interim chief of the Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism at University of Utah Health and one of the senior authors on the study. "These results drive home the point that regardless of symptoms for diagnosing PCOS the genetic underpinnings are the same.

Modalities used to diagnose osteoporosis

This installment of osteoporosis primer for PAs will focus on the modalities used to diagnosis osteoporosis. To reiterate a diagnosis of osteoporosis could be made in an adult patient aged older than 50 years who have experienced a ground level fall resulting in a fragility hip or vertebral compression fracture.