All news from Aviation Medicine & Aerospace Medicine

Nutrition Prevent Astronauts From Malnourished During Space Missions

For thousands of years, nutrition has been a driving factor behind the success or failure of human exploration. This is particularly true in the case of space flight. It is vital to prevent the astronauts from becoming malnourished during missions, which often last months.

But modern space nutrition goes further than that. It aims to maximize the crew's performance while reducing the damaging effects of space flight and protecting against long-term health risks like cancer and heart disease.

Cardiac Arrest Survival Greatly Increased By Bystanders External Defibrillator

More people are stepping in to help give CPR when someone's heart stops, and first responders are intervening at higher levels-but survival rates are higher for men who have cardiac arrests than for women.

A recent study suggests substantial for a small group of patients-usually younger and male patients who have a cardiac arrest in a public place. The study was published in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

Effects & Costs Of Home-Based Rehabilitation for Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction

A new study has found that the Rehabilitation Enablement in Chronic Heart Failure (REACH-HF) program, led by the University of Exeter and the Royal Cornwall Hospitals NHS trust, significantly improved quality of life and is deliverable within NHS cost guidelines.

The program was co-designed by clinicians, academics, patients, and caregivers to help increase participation in rehabilitation therapies for heart failure. The five-year study received £ 2million in grant funding from the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) under its Program Grants for Applied Research program with contributions from a number of clinical and academic partners from across the UK including Exeter, Gwent, Birmingham, York, and Dundee.

The study was published in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.

Changes In Lifestyle Leads To Sleep Disorders

Changes in lifestyle like avoiding caffeine before going to bed can address sleep disorders that impair physical, psychological and social aspects of well-being. Sleep loss and sleep disorders are among the most common health problems.

Yet, they are often overlooked. It is estimated that 50 to 70 million Americans chronically suffer from a sleep disorder, which affects daily functioning as well as their health and longevity.  While 7-8 hours of sleep every day is recommended, almost 30% of Americans are sleeping 6 hours or less.

Heart Failure Risk In ALVSD Patients With Diabetes

Men with diabetes are 2.4 times more likely than non-diabetics to suffer heart failure and women are five times more likely. A new Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine study reveals how, on a cellular level, diabetes can cause heart failure.

The findings could lead to medications to treat and perhaps prevent heart failure in diabetes patients . The study was published in the journal  JCI Insight . 

High-Intensity Rehabilitation Services For Residents Of Nursing Homes

A new study reveals a growing trend of potentially unnecessary and harmful high-intensity rehabilitation services for residents of healing homes. The study finds that this trend, which may be driven by a desire to maximize reimbursement rates, is on the rise for patients in the last 30 days of life, indicating that these services may be interfering with appropriate end-of-life care.

The study was published in the  Journal of the American Medical Directors Association.