All news from Aviation Medicine & Aerospace Medicine

Astronauts Living In Microgravity Provided With Spacemedicine

Imagine you are an astronaut on the surface of Mars, driving to rover down an incline into a crater. The vehicle's specially designed tires slip on the steep surface, and the rover begins to slide uncontrollably toward a large rock at the floor of the crater. The impact is sudden, you are thrown forward against the restraint straps, and your head hits the inside of the space-suit helmet. 

Efficient Topical Treatment Choice In Psoriasis

Topical treatment choices in psoriasis depend on the patient's need. For most patients with psoriasis , topical treatments play a considerable role in therapy. Nearly 80% of patients experience limited-to-moderate psoriasis disease, and topical therapies account for the majority, if not all, of their treatment. But, finding a treatment protocol that works with your lifestyle can be difficult.

Health Insurance Policy May Pay For Emergency Room Visits

While symptoms like chest or belly pain might reasonably drive you to the emergency room with worries about a heart attack or appendicitis, your insurance company might decide not to pay if it turns out your fears were unfounded, a new study suggests.

With the price of emergency room care going up, US insurance companies have been looking for ways to contain the costs, sometimes by refusing to pay for visits that turn out not to have been emergencies after all.

Inner Body's Biological Clock Tested By Blood

Timing is everything, and it also has a huge impact on your health. Now there's a blood test to better understand your internal time clock and optimize it for better well-being. The TimeSignature test was developed by researchers at Northwestern Medicine scientists.

It requires two blood draws. It offers insights through gene expression markers into the time in your body compared to time in the external world. For instance, it may be 8 am, but your body may be operating as if it's 6 am Previously, determining a person's internal clock could only be done by drawing blood multiple times over a specific span.

Stem Cells And Their Role In Tissue Regeneration

Cells in the body have specific purposes, but stem cells are cells that do not yet have a specific role and can become almost any cell that is required. Stem cells are undifferentiated cells that can turn into specific cells, as the body needs them.

Scientists and doctors are interested in stem cells as they help to explain how some functions of the bodywork, and how they sometimes go wrong. Stem cells also show promise for treating some diseases that currently have no cure.

Chronic Laryngitis Symptoms & Its Cause

Laryngitis is an inflammation of the voice box that can cause hoarseness or loss of voice. Chronic laryngitis lasts for more than 3 weeks, and causes can include other illnesses or certain lifestyle factors. In this article, we examine chronic laryngitis and look at its symptoms, causes, and risk factors. We also cover diagnosis, treatment, and prevention.

Examine To Clarify The Onset Of Diabetes

Individuals who develop diabetes or prediabetes have elevated plasma glucose fasting (FPG) at least 10 years before diagnosis. The study was published in the Journal of the Endocrine Society.

Researchers analyzed data from 27,392 health exams without diabetes for a mean of 5.3 years. Ten years before diagnosis of prediabetes (4,781 participants) or diabetes (1,061 participants), trajectories of FPG,  body mass index  (BMI), and single point insulin sensitivity estimator (SPISE), an index of insulin sensitivity, were assessed.

Perception Of Current Anti-doping Regime Among Top Athletes

When trying to determine how best to deter doping in competitive sports, who better to ask than the athletes themselves? A first-of-its-kind study in Frontiers in Psychology did precisely that by asking top-level German cyclists and field athletes to rate which anti-doping methods they perceived as the most effective.

The athletes identified improved detection and diagnostics, increased bans for offenders and anti-doping laws, which make doping a criminal offense, as the most important methods. Increased fines and leniency programs for offenders who cooperate in the identification of other offending athletes were ranked as far less effective.

Higher Risk Of Suicide In COPD Patients With Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

People suffering from two common conditions post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and the breathing disorder known as a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), may be increasing their risk for suicide if they take benzodiazepine drugs, a new study suggests.

Benzodiazepines include powerful drugs such as Ativan, Valium, and Xanax. These medications are prescribed to people with PTSD to ease anxiety, insomnia or shortness of breath. The study was published in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.