All news from Emergency Medicine

Pediatric Readiness In the Emergency Department

The American Academy of Pediatrics, American College of Emergency Physicians, and Emergency Nurses Association have released updated guidelines for emergency care of injured and critically ill children. The guidelines were published in a policy statement in the November issue of Pediatrics.

Researchers revised a joint policy statement from 2009 to highlight recent advances in pediatric emergency care.

Management Of NoseBleed

Nosebleed is more common in a 2 to 10-year-old kid, and in adults, aged 50 years and over. Nosebleed is more common during dry weather conditions, such as the harmattan and winter periods.

The nasal septum has a rich supply of blood from several arteries: ethmoid, palatine ad sphenopalatine arteries. The anterior and inferior part of the nasal septum (Little area or Kiesselbach area) has a dense blood supply but very thin mucosa. Trauma and dry air make this area, the commonest site (90%) for nosebleeds.

Study Opens New Therapeutic Avenue For Mitochondria Malfunction

A surprising offender has been emerging to drive the progression of Parkinson's, Alzheimer's, Huntington's and other neurodegenerative diseases: calcium. Calcium controls the production of fuel in mitochondria, the cell's powerhouses. But too much calcium can lead to cellular damage and even cell death. These events can cascade into neurodegenerative diseases and causes injury to the brain and heart during strokes and heart attacks