All news from Aviation Medicine & Aerospace Medicine

Basketball Games: Deconstructing Crowd Noise

With thousands of fans, college basketball games can be almost deafening. Some arenas have decibel meters, which can provide some indication of the noise generated. Researchers wanted to see whether machine learning algorithms could pick out patterns within the raw acoustical data that indicated the crowd's mood, thereby providing clues as to what was happening in the game itself.

Ultra-low-power Microchips, New Findings

Researchers have developed a new way of controlling magnetism in materials, which could lead to low-power technologies for memory, computing, and sensing devices. A new approach to controlling magnetism in a microchip could open the doors to memory, computing, and sensing devices that consume drastically less power than existing versions. The approach could also overcome some of the inherent physical limitations that have been slowing progress in this area until now.

Zika virus in Monkeys Suggests Disease has Wild Cycle, Study Findings

Zika virus has been detected in dead monkeys found in Brazil near São José do Rio Preto, São Paulo State, and Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais. The animals had been shot or beaten to death by locals who thought they had yellow fever. In fact, the monkeys were bearers of Zika virus, which had made them sick and more vulnerable to attack by humans.

Foodborne Diseases: Common Bacteria was Resistant to Antibiotics

Brazil's Ministry of Health received reports of 11,524 outbreaks of foodborne diseases between 2000 and 2015, with 219,909 individuals falling sick and 167 dying from the diseases in question. Bacteria caused most outbreaks of such illnesses, including diarrhea and gastroenteritis. The most frequent were Salmonella spp., With 31,700 cases diagnosed in the period (14.4% of the total), Staphylococcus aureus (7.4%), and Escherichia coli (6.1%). The article is published in  PLOS ONE