All news from Ophthalmology

A New Brain Imaging Study Challenges The Dominant Theoretical Model of Autism Spectrum Disorders

Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are neurodevelopmental disorders characterized by communication disorders, altered social interactions, and sensory and behavioral abnormalities. Research in genetics and brain imaging suggests that abnormalities in the development of the brain concerning, in particular, the formation of neural networks and the functioning of synapses could be involved in the onset of ASD

Cognitive Decline—Radiation—Brain Tumor Prevented By Temporarily Shutting Down Immune Response

Treating brain tumors comes at a steep cost, especially for children. More than half of patients who have radiation therapy for these tumors experience an irreversible cognitive decline , a side effect that has particularly damaging consequences for younger patients. Up to now, scientists had been unable to test potential strategies to prevent this problem because there were no laboratory models that faithfully captured the clinical lifecycle of brain tumors

Vaginal Problems Diminish Quality of Life But Often Go Unreported

With symptoms such as dryness, burning, or itching of the vagina, vulvovaginal atrophy is estimated to affect up to 98% of postmenopausal women, many of whom will fail to report symptoms to their healthcare providers or seek help. A new survey demonstrates the negative effect of these symptoms on quality of life. The study results are published online today in  Menopause, the journal of The North American Menopause Society  ( NAMS )

Vietnam Veterans and Agent Orange Exposure—New Report

The latest in a series of congressionally mandated biennial reviews of the evidence of health problems that were linked to exposure to Orange and other herbicides used during the Vietnam War was sufficient evidence of an association for hypertension and monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS). The committee that carried out the study and wrote the report, Veterans and Agent Orange: Update 11 (2018), focused on the scientific literature published between Sept. 30, 2014, and Dec. 31, 2017

Person's Sex Hormones Play Key Role In Trauma Survival

A person's sex hormones may play a role in trauma survival, according to a Kansas State University researcher who has received a $650,000 grant from the U.S. Department of Defense. Sherry Fleming, professor of biology, is using the three-year grant to study the differences between men and women and how their hormones affect the ways they respond to medication and surgery after a traumatic event.