All news from Anaesthesiology

Health Hazards: Fake social media accounts for the cause

According to the USC researchers reports, the fake social media accounts for the health hazards. These social medias already have a reputation of swaying political discourse, but a new study shows these automated accounts are even more dangerous — they can be bad for your health. Researchers focused on how these bots promoted the notion that using electronic cigarettes helps people stop smoking, a conclusion not definitively supported by research.

Persistent Virus Plays No Role in Chikungunya Associated Arthritis

Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) infection, a mosquito-borne disease reported in the Americas in 2013, leaves about one quarter of those infected with persistent arthritis, according to a study published in the journal Arthritis & Rheumatology. The joint symptoms, however, do not appear to be associated with persistent infection, suggesting it is safe to treat patients with regimens used for other types of inflammatory arthritis.

General Anesthesia, Opioid-Free Is Given For Spine Surgery Using Drugs

Researchers showed the case of a 65-year-old man undergoing a two-level lumbosacral posterior spinal fusion under general anesthesia using dexmedetomidine, lidocaine, and nitrous oxide, without the use of any intraoperative opioids and minimal opioids postoperatively for 24 h. To our knowledge, this is the first report documenting this anesthetic technique and its benefits through the first postoperative day.

In Circadian Rhythm, Sense of Smelling Differs

According to a new study, Researchers who are looking at how sleep may influence eating patterns in teens. A person's ability to smell may vary throughout the day in accordance with their circadian rhythm. It has always been apparent that some individuals have a better sense of smell than others, but a new study of 37 teens provides the first direct evidence that within each person, smell sensitivity varies over the course of each day. It tracks with the body's internal day-night cycle, or circadian rhythm. This study got published in Chemical Senses.

Thyroid Hormone Develops Angiogenesis In Liver Cancer

Thyroid hormone, 3, 3′, 5-triiodo-l-thyronine (T3), mediates several physiological processes, including embryonic development, cellular differentiation and cell proliferation, via binding to its nuclear thyroid receptors (TR). Angiogenesis is essential for human cancer development. The angiogenic process is balanced by the positive regulator, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and the negative regulator, thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1).

In A Helical Protein, Molecular Recognition and Packing Was Detected

A new study on Biomolecules has been demonstrated by showing the Folding of globular proteins entails a similar discrimination. To gain physical insight, we computed the binding affinities of helical structures of the protein Im9 in various native or nonnative configurations by atomic simulations, discovering that partial packing of the Im9 core is frustrated. This frustration is overcome when the entire core of the protein is assembled, consistent with experiment indicating no significant kinetic trapping in Im9 folding.