Metformin exposure may affect fetal growth differently in normal-weight and overweight women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), according to a post-hoc analysis of data from a randomized clinical trial (RCT).
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An “artificial pancreas” that monitors blood sugar and automatically delivers insulin may make it easier for athletes to manage type 1 diabetes and safer for them to participate in sports, a new study, published in Diabetes Care, suggests.
The study showed, for neonates born at a gestational age (GA) of 34 weeks or more, although inborn admission rates vary substantially across neonatal intensive care units (NICUs), the percentage of very ill admissions fails to explain this variation. The study was published in the JAMA Pediatrics
About 200 years ago, the Swedish scientist Jöns Jacob Berzelius discovered the trace element selenium, which he named after the goddess of the moon, Selene. Besides its industrial applications (chemical industry, production of semiconductors and toners), selenium is an essential trace element and indispensable for humans, many animals, and some bacteria. A team led by Dr. Marcus Conrad, research group leader at the Institute of Developmental Genetics (IDG), showed for the first time why selenium is a limiting factor for mammals.
Brazil has an extremely high rate of mortality from sepsis in intensive care units (ICUs), surpassing even mortality due to stroke and heart attack in ICUs. According to a survey conducted by researchers at the Federal University of Sao Paulo (UNIFESP) and the Latin American Sepsis Institute (LASI), over 230,000 adults die from sepsis in ICUs every year and about 55.7% of sepsis cases in ICUs end in death.
According to a systemic review and meta-analysis, the prevalence of vertebral fractures is significantly increased in HIV-positive patients, regardless of age or gender. The study findings were presented at the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research (ASBMR)
The investigational Zika purified inactivated virus (ZPIV) vaccine was well-tolerated and induced an immune response in participants, according to initial results from three Phase 1 clinical trials. Scientists at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR), part of the U.S. Department of Defense, are developing the vaccine as well as leading one of the trials. The results are published in The Lancet.
Patient-taken iPhone photos transmitted and stored in the Network Oriented Research Assistant (NORA) teledermatology program may be as useful for acne evaluations as in-person consultations, a pilot study suggests.
A new study of epigenetic changes in the body's hormone-based stress system, published in the journal EBioMedicine, has shown that stress-related changes in the CRH gene are linked to both serious suicide attempts in adults and psychiatric illness in adolescents.
The research suggests, When proper safety precautions are implemented, intravitreous chemotherapy injections into eyes with retinoblastoma are unlikely to trigger extraocular extension of tumor events. The study was appeared in the JAMA Ophthalmology
New research reported in the journal Cancer Cell, reported that scientists have discovered a protein mTOR that stimulates the production of lipids in liver tumours to satisfy the increased nutrient turnover and energy needs of cancer cells among other functions.