All news from Anaesthesiology

Higher symptomatic cause chronic rhinosinusitis in Patients

Researchers study the clinical features and explore if the presence of biofilm, nasal polyps or other disease individual could serve as predictor for the symptomatic load. A patient group undergoing septoplasty without disease of the sinuses was included as control. Patient population undergoing functional endoscopic sinonasal surgery (FESS) for chronic rhinosinusitis, CRS patients with or without nasal polyps are a heterogeneous group with various phenotypes and characteristics such as allergic rhinitis, eosinophilic inflammation, fungal allergy.

Hormone Therapy and Chronic Conditions are to be balanced

Professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School and Brigham and Women's Hospital told that, they generally agree with the approvals of the Task Force against the use of menopausal hormone therapy for the express purpose of trying to prevent cardiovascular disease or other chronic conditions. They have heard from many clinicians and patients that that's the case and that this is leading to confusion. This report was published in JAMA.

Excesss Fat Disrupts Heart Cells' Ability To Produce Energy

The heart cells’ ability to produce energy could be disrupted if the heart consists of excess fat levels. The researchers from the University of Iowa study identified this condition. Researchers believe the mechanism may contribute to the two- to five-fold increased risk of heart failure in people with diabetes.

Medicare payments to 751 hospitals to penalize for patients

According to a study, more than half also were punished last year through the penalty, which was created by the Affordable Care Act and began four years ago. The program is designed as a financial incentive for hospitals to avoid infections and other mishaps, such as blood clots and bedsores. Hospitals that treat large proportions of low-income people also were fined more than hospitals with a more affluent patient base, the analysis found. About a third of those safety-net hospitals were penalized.

Grants to Improve Respiratory Health Worldwide

The American Thoracic Society Foundation, the philanthropic arm of the American Thoracic Society, was established in 2004 to raise funds for the ATS Foundation Research Program. Through the Research Program, the ATS Foundation invests in talented investigators from around the world, launching careers dedicated to scientific discovery and better patient care.

The awardees explore such diverse topics as lung cancer, asthma, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), pulmonary fibrosis, pulmonary hypertension, COPD, sleep apnea, and more.

Diversity of Monocytes

New research published in the journal Immunity, has revealed that the monocyte-derived dendritic cells are not identical descendants, but rather a very diverse mixture. The finding is important for the further development of tailor-made immunotherapies for combating tumour cells.

An early supportive care might be triggered by common cold

The study found that other signs of respiratory distress, such as low arterial blood oxygen or rapid shallow breathing, were no more common in severely premature children (less than 32 weeks of gestational age) than in kids born preterm or full-term. The findings have implications for administering supportive care sooner or more intensively for severely premature children than for other infants.

Caution on Genetically Engineered HSCs

In a research published in the New England Journal of Medicine, researcher expressed cautious optimism about efforts to genetically engineer hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) to temporarily resist cell death during transplantation. While these gene therapy approaches could dramatically improve patient outcomes, their risks must be carefully studied in diverse models.

Elephantiasis: Portable 3-D scanner provided accurate assessment

An estimated 120 million people worldwide are infected with lymphatic filariasis, a parasitic, mosquito-borne disease that can cause major swelling and deformity of the legs, a condition known as elephantiasis. Health-care workers rely on leg measurements to assess the severity of the condition. However, measuring legs that are severely swollen often proves cumbersome and impractical.