A new study published in Science reported that new drugs, immune checkpoint inhibitors, could restore the immune system's recognition of cancer cells and have led to dramatic responses in a number of cancer types. Researchers have identified why and how an individual's own gene, HLA, could play a role in the response to the immunotherapy drugs.
All news from Anaesthesiology
The National Health Policy 2017 has proposed to increase the public spending on healthcare from a dismal 1% to a meagre 2.5% of GDP by 2020, which is itself well below the world average of 5.99%. This is an appalling situation and calls for an urgent action.
Transitioning away from a popular contraceptive shot known as DMPA could help protect women in Sub-Saharan Africa and other high-risk regions from becoming infected with HIV, according to a research review published in the Endocrine Society's journal Endocrine Reviews.
A new study conducted by researchers in the Center for Injury Research and Policy of the Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital investigated sports- and recreation-related eye injuries during a 23-year period and found a slight decrease in eye injuries overall. However, the rate of eye injury associated with non-powder guns (including BB, pellet and paintball guns) increased by almost 170%.
Scleroderma with internal organ involvement is a debilitating and lethal autoimmune disorder with few effective treatments. But a study led by Duke Health researchers has found new cause for optimism using an aggressive stem cell transplant regimen.
The ultimate goal is to be able to inject bacterial into the patient's body and then use ultrasound machines to hit the engineered bacteria with sound waves to generate images that reveal the locations of the microbes. The pictures would let doctors know if the treatments made it to the right place in the body and were working properly.
A major international collaboration led by Melbourne researchers has discovered that the world's most widespread malaria parasite infects humans by hijacking a protein the body cannot live without. The researchers were then able to successfully develop antibodies that disabled the parasite from carrying out this activity.
A new study was led by a Rutgers University-Camden researcher. According to the study, black adolescents express depressive symptoms differently than people from other age and racial groups, requiring that clinicians take this into account when developing treatment plans.
The UK researchers have revealed the relationship between poor oral health and older adults' risks for becoming frail. Oral health issues like tooth loss and gum disease are linked to increased risks of frailty. The findings published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.
According to the researchers, about 40% of patients with low-risk bladder cancer can be put into a "very-low-risk" category characterized by younger patient age, smaller tumors, and a lower recurrence rate than patients with larger tumors. The findings are published in the BJU International (formerly the British Journal of Urology).
New research showed the association between high intake of marine ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω-3 PUFAs) and survival of patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). Increasing consumption of marine ω-3 PUFAs after diagnosis may confer additional benefits to patients with CRC.
A new research and development for bone growth factor therapy, this involves the discovery of bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs). Some organs, like the brain and spinal cord, are protected inside bone structures—the skull and vertebrae, respectively. Other organs, such as the muscles, are attached to the skeleton. The discovery of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in 1991, coincident with the first isolation of human embryonic stem cells, also stimulated significant interest.