All news from Anaesthesiology

Identical Twins Share an Additional Level of Molecular Similarity

An international group of researchers has discovered a new phenomenon that occurs in identical twins: independent of their identical genes, they share an additional level of molecular similarity that influences their biological characteristics. The reasearch results were appeared in the journal Genome Biology. The researchers propose a mechanism to explain the extra level of similarity and show that it is associated with risk of cancer in adulthood.

Treating Adult Patients In Emergency Department

According to this study, researchers decline the newest and most advanced of its kind in Chicago, cared for about two dozen patients within its first three hours. UChicago Medicine expects to begin providing adult trauma services in May 2018, pending approval by the Illinois Department of Public Health.The new ED, located in the ground floor of 5656 S. Maryland Ave., replaced the previous facility in the Bernard A. Mitchell Hospital that was built in 1983.

Novel Map Offers New Insight into the Replication Machinery of a Chronic Virus

An acute viral infection usually results in full recovery and effective immune memory, but chronic viruses evade the immune system and remain permanently in the host's body. Treating such viruses is a difficult task, as the molecular events during the development of a chronic infection remain largely elusive. So a new study published in PLOS Pathogens made an important contribution to the understanding of chronic viral infections.

Validation Of Immunoglobulin Gene Repertoire Method In Mice Tissue On ISS

In this research study, Spaceflight is known to affect immune cell populations. Splenic B cell numbers decrease during spaceflight and in ground-based physiological models. Although antibody isotype changes have been assessed during and after space flight, an extensive characterization of the impact of spaceflight on antibody composition has not been conducted in mice. Next Generation Sequencing and bioinformatic tools are now available to assess antibody repertoires.

Ear Anatomy And Its Functions

According to this study, a widespread occurrence of middle-ear disease and the difficulty of accurately identifying the cause of conductive hearing loss, non-invasive, cost-effective diagnostic tools that reliably distinguish among middle-ear pathologies would be valuable. It supports in better selection of cases for surgery, surgical preparation, patient counselling, as well as help prevent unnecessary surgeries.

Menopausal Hormone Therapy: Primary Prevention of Chronic Conditions

To update the 2012 US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation on the use of menopausal hormone therapy for the primary prevention of chronic conditions. It bases its recommendations on the evidence of both the benefits and harms of the service and an assessment of the balance. The USPSTF does not consider the costs of providing a service in this assessment. 

Differences In Laryngeal Sensation

Researchers showed that people with voice disorders frequently present to speech-language pathology and otolaryngology clinics with complaints of irritating laryngeal sensations. These sensations range from burning or pain to an irritating tickle. In response to these patient complaints, SLPs and ENTs discuss the type of sensation, location of sensation, and possible causes of the sensation with the patient.