All news from Anaesthesiology

Skin Pigmentation Are Simple; Study Suggests

Researchers from the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Stanford University, and Stony Brook University, they described that the study suggests that the genetics of skin pigmentation are simple. A small number of known genes, it is thought, However, these studies rely on datasets consisting almost entirely of information from northern Eurasian populations–those that reside mostly in higher latitude regions. This study has been published in Cell.
 

Specially timed signals ease tinnitus symptoms

According to the study, a team from the University of Michigan reports the results of the first animal tests and clinical trial of the approach, including data from 20 human tinnitus patients. Millions of Americans hear ringing in their ears, a condition called tinnitus.

As the new study shows an experimental device could help quiet the phantom sounds by targeting unruly nerve activity in the brain. Results of the first animal tests and clinical trial of the approach resulted in a decrease in tinnitus loudness and improvement in tinnitus-related quality of life. This study got published in Science Translational Medicine.

Scarce Metals Could Be Replaced By Carbon Nanomaterials

The new study at Chalmers University of Technology now shows that there are potential technology-based solutions that can replace many of the metals with carbon nanomaterials, such as graphene. Scarce metals are found in a wide range of everyday objects around us. They are complicated to extract, difficult to recycle and so rare that several of them have become "conflict minerals" which can promote conflicts and oppression. This study is published in the Journal of Cleaner Production.

Epidemiologists Detects Foodborne Illness And Outbreaks In NYC Restaurants

Researchers from the Health Department has identified and investigated approximately 28,000 complaints of suspected foodborne illness overall since 2012. Using Yelp, 311, and reports from health care providers. 10 outbreaks of foodborne illness were identified solely through a computer system jointly created with Columbia University's Department of Computer Science. This study has been published in the Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association.

Socioeconomic causes in low-income areas could predict heart failure risk

According to new research in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes, an American Heart Association journal. Neighborhood-level socioeconomic factors in low-income areas may significantly predict heart failure risk beyond individual health factors and socioeconomic status. Researchers grouped the participants in three groups ranging from the least-deprived to the most-deprived neighborhoods. During an average follow-up of more than five years, 4,300 participants were diagnosed with heart failure.