A new study identifies from a computer model, where the ability to quantify the extent of kidney damage and predict the life remaining in the kidney, using an image obtained at the time when a patient visits the hospital for a kidney biopsy, now is possible using a computer model based on artificial intelligence (AI). These findings appear in the journal Kidney International Reports, can help make predictions at the point-of-care and assist clinical decision-making.
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Blood donation is a vital life-saving process but low awareness about the importance of blood donation can impact the safe and adequate supply of blood in hospitals. A research article published in the Update Dental College Journal (UpDCJ) found a positive attitude to blood donation among the donors in Bangladesh but a big disparity between male and female, as well as some knowledge gaps about blood donation.
The study shows Appetite control depends on signaling at the 'primary cilium,' mouse. UC San Francisco researchers have discovered that Primary cilia are distinct from motile cilia, the finger-like projections that act as a sort of cellular conveyer belt, with functions such as removing debris from the lungs and windpipe. This study has published in Nature Genetics.
According to a new study from Weill Cornell Medicine scientists, they identified that Immune cells that process food and bacterial antigens in the intestines control the intestinal population of fungi. Defects in the fungus-fighting abilities of these cells may contribute to some cases of Crohn's disease and other forms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). This study has been published in Science.
Researchers have shown that how the innate immune system, which responds more generally to dangers detected in the body, can be trained to remember past threats and respond more robustly to future challenges. The study results were in The Journal of Cell.
A warm-up program developed specially for children reduces soccer injuries by around 50%. Sports scientists from the University of Basel have reported these findings in the academic journal Sports Medicine. A total of 243 teams comprising around 3,900 children from four European countries took part in the study.
According to a study, researchers declared that the impression that foreign-born women in Sweden more often are excluded from gynecological cancer screening needs to be reconsidered. A study published in the journal PLOS One, makes it clear that foreign-born women participate to the same extent as women born in Sweden with a corresponding educational level and income.
A team led by scientists at Northwestern Medicine has discovered a new epithelial receptor for Epstein-Barr virus, according to a study published recently in Nature Microbiology.
Over 10,000 people in the U.S. are living with memory loss and other persistent neurological problems that occur after West Nile virus infects the brain. A new study in mice suggests that such ongoing neurological deficits may be due to unresolved inflammation that hinders the brain's ability to repair damaged neurons and grow new ones. When the inflammation was reduced by treatment with an arthritis drug, the animals' ability to learn and remember remained sharp after West Nile disease.
According to new research published in the International Journal for Quality in Health Care, the parents of paediatric patients might react more negatively to doctors who communicate uncertainty of diagnosis explicitly, such as directly stating they are unsure, as compared to doctors who use implicit language, such as discussing most likely diagnosis or providing several possible diagnoses under consideration.
According to this study, the heads of accident and emergency (A&E) departments of hospitals across England and Wales have warned Theresa May that more people are dying prematurely in the corridors of the A&E departments than before.