Researchers from Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, have discovered how our bones grow at an atomic level, showing how an unstructured mass orders itself into a perfectly arranged bone structure. The discovery offers new insights, which could yield improved new implants, as well as increasing our knowledge of bone diseases such as osteoporosis.
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Epidural anaesthesia, also known as regional anesthesia is a type of anesthesia that is injected at the back of the body. It blocks all responses to nerve impulses from the lower spinal segments, which results in decreased sensation in lower half of the body. Epidural anesthesia medications are of local anesthetics and are delivered in combination with opioids, in order to decrease the required dose of local anesthetic.
Middle-aged adults with lung disease may be at greater risk of developing dementia or cognitive impairment later in life, according to new research published online in the American Thoracic Society's American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.
Imagine feeling anxious every time you touched a doorknob or dirty surface – maybe even spending hours washing and scrubbing your hands afterward, sometimes until they bleed. For sufferers of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), especially those with contamination fears, managing the disorder in daily life can be difficult.
For nearly two decades, health advocates have pushed to standardize the way medical devices are tracked and studied. They eventually had a solution to that, including other parts of the medical industry, had already adopted a unique code to help track the type, manufacturer and other key information about a device.
Implementation of state youth traumatic brain injury (TBI) legislation correlated with an increase in pediatric emergency department utilization for youth sports- and recreation-related mild TBI (mTBI) evaluation, according to a study published in the November/December issue of the Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation.
There is a negligible risk of transmitting HIV during sex when a person living with HIV is on antiretroviral therapy and maintains a viral load under a specific threshold, according to a study in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).
Researchers have developed a model that predicts which of the viruses that can jump from animals to people can also be transmitted from person to person–and are therefore possible sources of human diseases.
Congo has begun the first-ever trial of the effectiveness and safety of four experimental Ebola drugs, the first time scientists compared these treatments, the World Health Organization said. The UN health agency described the multi-drug trial as "a giant step" that would "bring clarity about what works best."
University of Stirling experts have discovered new evidence of the link between air pollution and cancer as part of a new occupational health study. The team, from the Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport, analyzed the case of a woman who developed breast cancer after spending 20 years working as a border guard at the busiest commercial border crossing in North America.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention calls cigarette smoking "the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the US, accounting for over 480,000 deaths per year." The CDC just reported that smoking rates among US adults have fallen to the lowest level ever recorded – only 14%, less than a third-rate just 70 years ago. While this decline is remarkable, it also points to a puzzle: How did smoking rates ever get so high in the first place?
A study has shown that the showerheads contain slime that can be dangerous to the bacterium which lead to severe lung disease. Mycobacterial bacteria are responsible for lung diseases explain experts.