All news from Anaesthesiology
Scientists from Michigan State University seek to investigate and potentially identify the brain mechanisms related to psychosis associated with schizophrenia. Researchers suspect these psychotic symptoms may be related to faulty signaling between regions of the brain that are involved in producing movement and regions of the brain involved in sensation.
A new study, published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, described a machine learning algorithm that uses brain scans to predict language ability in deaf children after they receive a cochlear implant. This study's novel use of MRI and artificial intelligence to understand brain structure underlying language development has broad-reaching implications for children with developmental challenges.
A unique platform that resulted in a promising HIV vaccine has also led to a new, highly effective vaccine against tuberculosis that is moving toward testing in humans. The new vaccine completely protected 41% and reduced overall TB disease by 68% in vaccinated rhesus macaques, according to a study published as an Advanced Online Publication of Nature Medicine.
A recent study published in the journal Molecular Psychiatry explores how a protein named CK2 could play a key role in the formulation of new antidepressants that work more efficiently and faster for more people.
A new study reported that with the global imprisonment rate increasing annually, the extent to which the burden of self-harm is concentrated in prisons is also likely to be increasing. The burden of self-harm and suicide in prison is considerable; a study from the UK estimated that the annual prevalence of self-harm in prisons was 5–6% in men and 20–24% in women.
The new Overdose RIsk InfOrmatioN (ORION) e-health psychoeducational tool, designed to help opioid-dependent individuals prevent an overdose, can impart new knowledge and impact a person's intention to change opioid abuse behavior, but it did not improve overall self-efficacy in overdose prevention.
Researchers compared the efficacy of intravenous cyclophosphamide ( IVCP ) with oralcyclophosphamide ( OCP ) in patients with steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome ( SRNS ) in children by a randomized , parallel group, active-controlled trial.
While past exposure to influenza A viruses often builds immunity to similar, and sometimes different, strains of the virus, Canadian researchers are calling for more attention to exceptions to that rule.
In a study published in Nature Cell Biology, the Researchers from the Genomic Instability and Cancer Laboratory at the Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB Barcelona) have identified a key role for EXD2 in protein production in the mitochondria, the cellular organelles responsible for the majority of energy generation.
Methods from optogenetics and machine learning should improve treatment options for stroke patients. Researchers from Heidelberg University have developed a computer vision technique to analyze the changes in motor skills that result from targeted stimulation of healthy areas of the brain. Movements recorded with a video camera are automatically analyzed to monitor the rehabilitation process and evaluate and adjust the optogenetic stimulation.
A new study published in the peer-reviewed journal Digestive Disease and Sciences showed the results of using the Genetic Analysis (GA)-map™ Dysbiosis Test for identifying IBS patients who respond to the FODMAP diet and thus receive symptom relief.