All news from Anaesthesiology

Tubeworm Produces Ferritin More Efficiently

In a new study published in Biochemical Journal, researchers have discovered with potential human health impacts in a parchment tubeworm, the marine invertebrate Chaetopterus sp., and found that the tubeworm have a ferritin with the fastest catalytic performance ever described, nearly eight times faster than that of human capabilities.

Brain MRI and AI could Help Children with Hearing Loss

A new study, published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, described a machine learning algorithm that uses brain scans to predict language ability in deaf children after they receive a cochlear implant. This study's novel use of MRI and artificial intelligence to understand brain structure underlying language development has broad-reaching implications for children with developmental challenges.

Novel Tuberculosis Vaccine Offers Better Protection

A unique platform that resulted in a promising HIV vaccine has also led to a new, highly effective vaccine against tuberculosis that is moving toward testing in humans. The new vaccine completely protected 41% and reduced overall TB disease by 68% in vaccinated rhesus macaques, according to a study published as an Advanced Online Publication of Nature Medicine.

Self-harm after Release from Prison Increased

A new study reported that with the global imprisonment rate increasing annually, the extent to which the burden of self-harm is concentrated in prisons is also likely to be increasing. The burden of self-harm and suicide in prison is considerable; a study from the UK estimated that the annual prevalence of self-harm in prisons was 5–6% in men and 20–24% in women.

e-Health Tool: Opioid Overdose Prevention and Self-Efficacy

The new  Overdose RIsk InfOrmatioN (ORION) e-health psychoeducational tool, designed to help opioid-dependent individuals prevent an overdose, can impart new knowledge and impact a person's intention to change opioid abuse behavior, but it did not improve overall self-efficacy in overdose prevention.

Optogenetics and Machine Learning Technique for Stroke Rehabilitation

Methods from optogenetics and machine learning should improve treatment options for stroke patients. Researchers from Heidelberg University have developed a computer vision technique to analyze the changes in motor skills that result from targeted stimulation of healthy areas of the brain. Movements recorded with a video camera are automatically analyzed to monitor the rehabilitation process and evaluate and adjust the optogenetic stimulation.