All news from Anaesthesiology

Temperature Of An Individual Nose Shows Under Strain In Space

The study led by researchers from the University of Nottingham's Institute for Aerospace Technology (IAT), together with academic staff from the Bioengineering and Human Factors Research Groups, have demonstrated that facial temperatures, which can be easily measured using a non-invasive thermal camera, are strongly correlated to mental workload. This study published in Human Factors.

Opioid Prescription In many Patients Spell Highest Risk For Misuse

In this study, research shows that a link between physicians' opioid prescription patterns and following abuse has occupied the attention of a nation in the throes of an opioid. Most clinical efforts have focused on minimizing risk through dosage management. This study shows that among surgery patients with no history of recent or chronic opioid use how long a person takes the drugs for is a more potent predictor of abuse and overdose than how much medication a patient takes. The study published in BMJ.

COPD Therapy Linked to Cardiovascular Risk

In a nested case-control study published in the journal JAMA Internal Medicine, researchers have reported that in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), new use of inhaled long-acting β2-agonists (LABAs) or long-acting antimuscarinic antagonists (LAMAs) is associated with an approximate 1.5-fold increased cardiovascular risk within one month of initiation therapy.

Loss of Muscle Strength and Mass Slower Walking Speed in Older

In a new research, scientists have identified that older people walk at a slower speed and tire more quickly because of loss of strength and mass in leg muscles. Using computer simulations the team found that these physiological changes explain the slower walking speed preferred by the elderly, and that a focus on building up these leg muscles may be the only effective way to improve elderly walking. The study findings published in The Journal of Physiology.

Link between Bariatric Surgery and Heart Disease Risk

According to a new study published in Pediatrics, adolescents with severe obesity who had bariatric surgery showed significant improvements in cardiovascular disease risk factors. Before bariatric surgery, 335 of the study participants had three or more defined cardiovascular disease risk factors. However, three years post-surgery only 5% of study participants had three or more risk factors; representing significant reduction in the overall likelihood of developing cardiovascular disease later in life.