Thomas Jefferson University have found that genomic analysis using next generation sequencing ( NGS ), can identify infecting organisms in over 80% of cases of infected joint replacement that had previously escaped detection. The research was published in the Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery.
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According to a review published in the journal of the Annals of the American Thoracic Society, for patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), higher positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) levels are not likely to improve clinical outcomes.
In this study, researchers declared that antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a global health issue. To minimize this threat to astronauts, who may be immunocompromised and thus at a greater risk of infection from antimicrobial resistant pathogens, a comprehensive study of the ISS “resistome’ was conducted. Using whole genome sequencing (WGS) and disc diffusion antibiotic resistance assays, 9 biosafety level 2 organisms isolated from the ISS were assessed for their antibiotic resistance.
According to the Norwegian scientists report, while it is thought to have killed between 30-60% of Europe's population, but the Black Death plague may not have been spread by flea-infested rats. The study was published online in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
A new study published in the Journal of the American College of Surgeons has revealed that total pancreatectomy with islet autotransplantation (TPIAT) is a durable treatment for selected chronic pancreatitis patients. The most significant finding is that patients with genetic pancreatitis have superior outcomes and clearly benefit from TPIAT.
Researchers demonstrated the combined positron emission tomography / computed tomography ( PET / CT ) scanning early in treatment could identify whether the therapy will benefit a particular patient. As the therapy has potentially serious side effects, early determination of ineffectiveness could avert unnecessary risk exposure and provide the option of a different treatment.
An unusual autoimmune disease that causes skin and lung damage can be treated effectively by stem cell transplant, a new study in the New England Journal of Medicine has found. The approach could represent the first new treatment to improve survival in patients with severe scleroderma in more than four decades.
According to new data published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, older adults who follow a Mediterranean diet are less likely to become frail. The meta-analysis shows that greater adherence to a Mediterranean diet is associated with significantly lower risk of incident frailty in community-dwelling older people.
According to a new study, researchers showed “large outbreaks” of measles in Europe that is cause for concern. United Kingdom in 2016 had achieved a World Health Organization (WHO) measles elimination status says the PHE and the general population is safe if vaccinated. They told without getting the measles vaccine (MMR) are at a greater risk of getting the infection.
The study was led by the Robinson Research Institute at the University of Adelaide showed preterm births in South Australia have increased by 40% over 28 years and early intervention by medical professionals has resulted in the majority of the increase. The study findings were published in the Obstetrics and Gynecology
The results from the largest ever study of septic shock could improve treatment for critically ill patients and save health systems worldwide hundreds of millions of dollars each year. Researchers at The George Institute for Global Health studied whether the use of steroids as an additional treatment for septic shock – a severe life-threatening infection – would improve survival.
A new study, published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology , showed that proton therapy is not superior in reducing serious lung toxicity compared with intensity-modulated (photon) radiotherapy ( IMRT ).