In an assessment of their "depression literacy" program, which has already been taught to tens of thousands, Johns Hopkins researchers say the Adolescent Depression Awareness Program (ADAP) achieved its intended effect of encouraging many teenagers to speak up and seek adult help for themselves or a peer.
All news from Anaesthesiology
According to new research published in The American Journal of Gastroenterology, interferential electrical stimulation of the lower abdomen and lower back is a useful adjuvant to pelvic floor muscle exercises for relieving functional constipation in children.
Scientists have discovered synthetic APC-mimicking small molecules called parmodulins provide anti-inflammatory and anti-thrombotic protection to endothelial cells on par with APC's without interfering with normal blood clotting and coagulation, making them attractive new drug candidates. The results are reported in the issue of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
In a recent study, published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, an interdisciplinary team of scientists from The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST) and The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) discovered that two large protein kinases, ATM and ATR, cooperate to help establish the go/stop balance in human brains.
While India has witnessed an increase in life expectancy thanks to advances in medical science and technology, what is also increasing is the number of people leading sedentary lifestyles and eating food that is unhealthy . All this has contributed to an increase in the number of obesity cases and as a natural corollary, given to rise to orthopedic problems . Knee pain seems to be the most common problem.
The study explored the responsiveness of physicians and grouped the components of responsiveness under five domains: friendliness, respecting, informing and guiding, gaining trust, and optimizing benefits, using qualitative methods from a District in the south-west part of Bangladesh.
Few themes cut across the five domains of responsiveness of physicians; these are–the gaps between physicians’ and patients’ perceptions and practices regarding responsiveness, the importance of context in understanding responsiveness, and few aspects of responsiveness where physicians lived up to the expectations of service seekers.
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland and Orton are exploring the benefits and impacts of technology in motivating seniors to increase physical activity. This is being done in the new MoveRoll project based on a smart rollator developed by VTT. The basic idea is that even a small increase in physical activity can have a major effect on the well-being of elderly.
According to a study, few identified factors have raised questions about the quality of care for endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS), along with the presence of large geographic variation in the rates and extent of surgery, poorly defined indications, and lack of ESS-specific quality metrics. Primary outcomes were the 5-year observed and risk-adjusted ESS revision rate. Logistic regression was used to develop a risk adjustment model for the primary outcome
Fluid overload appears to be an important modifier of outcome in critically ill children, implying that additional research is needed focused on strategies for preventing or mitigating this risk. Researchers described the methods to measure fluid balance, define fluid overload, and evaluate the association between fluid balance and outcomes in critically ill children.
Researchers have now confirmed a relevant prevalence of infections in Austrian hunting dogs following a serological study in which seven percent of the animals tested positive. This could lead to a more intense debate as to whether the often asymptomatic animals represent an additional risk of infection for people.
A diagnosis of the brain cancer glioblastoma carries a dismal prognosis, with most patients dying within five years. A new study, published in the journal Neuro-Oncology, has found that adding the chemotherapy drug hydroxyurea to the current chemotherapy protocol for glioblastoma significantly increased survival in animal models.
The study explains that researchers have advanced a first-of-its-kind technique for creating entirely new classes of optical materials and devices that could lead to light bending and cloaking devices news to make the ears of Star Trek's Spock perk up. Using DNA as a key tool, the scientists took gold nanoparticles of different sizes and shapes and arranged them in two and three dimensions to form optically active superlattices. The study was published in the journal Science today.