The results of the study, recently published in BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology, identified 19 ADRs out of a total of 1,083 hospital admissions.The most frequently prescribed drug classes were antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs. The approximate incidence of ADRs in children was17per 1,000 children.Most of the ADRs involved antibiotics and 21% of the ADR’s were categorized as “preventable”. The severest ADRs observed during the study were haemolysis and toxic epidermal necrolysis.
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According to a study published in the journal BMC Medicine, Patients with polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) and giant-cell arteritis (GCA) have similarly increased risks of fracture, compared with the general population.
Advances in brain imaging can identify a greater number of stroke patients who can receive therapy later than previously believed, according to a study published New England Journal of Medicine. The study demonstrated that physically removing brain clots up to 16 hours after symptom onset in selected patients led to improved outcomes compared to standard medical therapy.
A new study published in the JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery has showed that disagreement between physician- and patient-reported scar assessment is not uncommon. Neither patients nor clinicians consistently detect differences in scars using current scar assessment instruments. Patients and physicians differ in their evaluation of surgical scars. Scar instruments that better integrate both patient and clinician scar ratings may aid in determining the most salient features of cutaneous scars.
The aim of the present study was to compare, in intubated patients with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure (AHRF) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), lung recruitment measured by P-V curve analysis, with dynamic changes in poorly ventilated units of the dorsal lung (dependent silent spaces [DSSs]) assessed by electrical impedance tomography (EIT). Researchers hypothesized that DSSs might represent a dynamic bedside measure of recruitment.
Although, there are many developments in the field of management, breast cancer is still the commonest cause of cancer related deaths in women in Sri Lanka. This emphasizes the need for validation of treatment protocols that are used in Sri Lanka for managing breast cancers.
There are no published papers on treatment and survival of breast cancer patients in Sri Lanka. Hence this study was designed to determine the validity of St Gallen risk categories based on the survival outcomes of breast cancer patients in Southern Sri Lanka.
The researchers compare the holmium-laser puncture and electrosurgery-incision in neonates with intravesical ureterocele. Prenatal and postnatal ultrasound investigation, magnetic resonance imaging, radionuclide renal scan and voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG) are procedures used to define a complex anatomy of the urinary tract of these patients, but the final diagnostic procedure is endoscopy.
The present study aimed to assess the relationship between infection with multiple human papillomavirus (HPV) types and abnormal anal cytology in HIV-infected men.
Thomboelastography (TEG) is a whole blood measure of coagulation which was originally described in the 1950s. However, it has only been in the last few decades that assays have become accessible and viable as a point-of-care test. Following the observation that hemorrhagic shock is associated with an intrinsic coagulopathy, TEG has been used as a method of diagnosing specific coagulation defects in order to direct individualized blood products resuscitation. An alternative transfusion strategy is the administration of fixed ratio products, a paradigm borne out of the military experience.
The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the magnitude of effects of recreational football on blood pressure, body composition, lipid profile and muscular fitness with reference to age, gender and health status
HIV infection is associated with the reduced pulmonary function, according to findings from the Copenhagen Comorbidity in HIV infection (COCOMO) study group.
A single dose of primaquine is thought to stop people with P. falciparum malaria infecting mosquitoes, which could help bring down malaria transmission. Recent data questions the practice.