A new study shows neurons in mice that influence metabolism are active for up to two days after a single workout. The study , published in the journal Molecular Metabolism , offers new insight into the brain's potential role in fitness and may provide a target for developing therapies that improve metabolism.
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In new research that delivers a blow to hopes of finding safe ways to send humans back to the moon or on to Mars, scientists have found that as little as a month in space can significantly depress the immune systems of mice, potentially making astronauts susceptible to ailments that their bodies would easily brush off on Earth.
A rare case of anaphylaxis during operation has been published in the Indian Journal of Anaesthesiology . Dr Rajnish Kumar at the Department of Anesthesiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar India and colleagues have reported the case.
The situation of maternal health in the country has improved over the years. The maternal mortality rate (MMR) has decreased to 89 in 2017 from 380 per 100,000 live births in 1994. This is according to a study on the situation of maternal health in Bhutan, published in the recent Bhutan Health Journal .
India is still a land of missing women. A study, in 2011, reported as a result of selective abortions between 1980 and 2010, foeticide claimed the lives of 12 million Indian girls.
India rates poorly in global human development rankings. In 2018, it ranked 130 out of 189 countries, and stands 127 in the Gender Inequality Index. Now, how empowered is India's surviving female population (about 59 crore) in terms of access to basic health rights.
In the midst of an increasingly volatile Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo, a new study finds that the immune response generated by three experimental Ebola vaccines — including one already deployed in the DRC — persists for at least two and a half years. The study could have implications far beyond the Ebola fight.
Chemistry has developed a novel way to synthesize and optimize a naturally-occurring antibiotic compound that could be used to fight lethal drug-resistant infections such as Staphylococcus aureus, commonly known as MRSA. The study is published in the journal Chemical Science .
The pneumonia causing pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa has developed a twin-track strategy to colonize its host. It generates two different cells – motile spreaders and virulent stickers. Researchers have now elucidated how the germ attaches to tissue within seconds and consecutively spreads. Just like the business model: settling – growing – expanding.
In the perhaps not distant future, surgeons could perform a range of medical procedures without touching the patient, thanks to advancements in 'acoustic tweezers'.
A 40-mg dose of slow-release morphine may be safe for non-severely obese patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), researchers in Australia report. "Slow-release morphine did not seem to be the OSA of the men in our study." For most of the men, there were no differences in breathing during sleep whether they received oral 40-mg slow-release morphine or placebo, "said Dr. David Wang.
Women are underrepresented in clinical trials for heart failure, coronary artery disease and acute coronary syndrome but proportionately or overrepresented in trials for hypertension, atrial fibrillation and pulmonary arterial hypertension, when compared to incidence or prevalence of women within each disease population, according to a study in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.
Between April 27, 2017 and July 1, 2018, more than one million suspected cases of cholera in two waves were reported in Yemen, which had been declared a high-level emergency by the United Nations in 2015. Humanitarian organizations implemented a robust response to cholera despite numerous challenges including famine-like conditions, active civil conflict and destroyed health infrastructure within a shrinking humanitarian space in Yemen.