All news from Medical Toxicology

Antibiotic Overuse Is For Common Urology Procedure

A new study suggests that antibiotics are being overused in up to 60 percent of patients undergoing common urological procedures. The study, led by Daniel Livorsi, MD, University of Iowa assistant professor of internal medicine, shows that the high rates of overuse were mostly due to extended use of antibiotics following the procedure. 

New Findings: Microscope Measures Muscle Weakness

Biotechnologists at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have developed a system to accurately measure muscle weakness caused by structural changes in muscle tissue. The new method allows muscle function to be assessed using imaging without the need for sophisticated biomechanical recordings, and could in future even make taking tissue samples for diagnosing myopathy superfluous. The results have been published in the journal Light: Science & Applications.

Lung Function Monitoring of Patients with DMD at Home

Heart and thrombosis are responsible for much of the morbidity and mortality associated with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Although regular monitoring of pulmonary function is recommended in order to detect deterioration, compliance with routine testing, such as hospital-based spirometry, is frequently poor. A new study in the Journal of Neuromuscular Diseases describes the at-home use of a child-compatible, hand-held device (HHD) that makes monitoring pulmonary function in teens more convenient and provides the data needed for better disease management.

Research: Bacterial Protein Find Materials for Smartphone

A newly discovered protein could help detect, target, and collect lanthanides, rare-earth metals used in smartphones, from the environment. A newly discovered protein could help detect, target, and collect from the environment the rare-earth metals used in smartphones.

Two new studies by researchers at Penn State describe the protein, which is 100 million times better at binding to lanthanides than to other metals like calcium. The study appears online in the journal Biochemistry, describes its unique structure, which likely plays a role in its remarkable selectivity for lanthanides.

Transforming India: Young People’s SRH Needs Take Centre Stage

It is not uncommon to hear the oft-quoted (and tired) phrase, “The youth are the leaders of tomorrow” being spouted at public gatherings blandly stated in policies and used in a multitude of reports/articles/documents. The numbers point in that direction: India is now home to more than 365 million young people in the age bracket of 10 – 24 years, with a growing youth population (15-24 years). But there is work that needs to go in for this demographic to truly actualize itself.

A Versatile Vaccine Against Emerging Tick-Borne Viruses

A group of researchers led by Michael Diamond of Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have developed a vaccine that is effective in mice against Powassan virus, an emerging tick-borne virus that can cause life-threatening encephalitis in humans. They also show that the vaccine produces antibodies that can protect the mice against other, related tick-transmitted flaviviruses. Their findings appear in the journal Cell Reports.