A new study has been launched in Burkina Faso for Bharat Biotech's typhoid conjugate vaccine (TCV). It is the second clinical study underway in Africa for the vaccine and the first in West Africa. The vaccine study is a joint effort by the Center for Vaccine Development and Global Health (CVD) at the University of Maryland School of Medicine, (UMSOM) and Groupe de Recherche Action en Santé (GRAS) in Burkina Faso.
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The secret ingredient in the world's fastest marathon shoe lies primarily in its squishy midsole, not in its controversial carbon fiber plate, new CU Boulder research suggests. "This paper demonstrates that the bulk of the energy saved through this shoe comes through its softer, better foam," said senior author and integrative physiology professor Rodger Kram. "The carbon fiber plate is just a cherry on top."
The strategy for triggering the patient's own immune system to attack cancer, immunotherapy, is proving useful for more and more tumor types, although to varying degrees. In lung cancer, immunotherapy had proven to extend survival rates for only some variants of the disease.
Now, an international clinical trial which also encompasses professionals has substantially increased the group of lung cancer patients who may benefit from immunotherapy.
Ever since Boris Popov introduced his “ballistic recovery systems” (BRS) for small airplanes in 1980, skeptics have continued to question their value. Popov came up with the idea of a whole-airplane parachute after surviving the structural failure of his hang glider, and Cirrus Aircraft subsequently incorporated the safety feature in its SR20/SR22 models. On its website, BRS Aerospace claims 380 lives have been saved by the system, which deploys a parachute that gently returns a disabled aircraft to the ground.
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) has been reported as an inflammatory cytokine in many inflammatory diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis and ischemic diseases.
Nonadherence to antipsychotic drugs has been linked to longer duration of inpatient treatment and poorer symptomatic outcome in patients suffering from schizophrenia. In some studies, it has even been identified as the strongest predictor of relapse in patients with a first episode of psychosis.
New research from Cedars-Sinai has identified neurons that play a role in how people recognize errors they make, a discovery that may have implications for the treatment of conditions including obsessive-compulsive disorder and schizophrenia.
As cancer therapies improve, patients are living longer. With these improvements in therapy comes a responsibility to optimize patients' quality of life during cancer therapy and beyond. This report reviews three timely and important topics.
Russia and some former Soviet Union countries risk developing out-of-control HIV epidemics, experts said, after data showed a record number of new cases last year.
Most new cases in the former Soviet Union in 2017 were from heterosexual sex as the disease spreads beyond high-risk groups, according to research by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control.
Cerebrospinal venous anatomy and hemodynamics changes are associated with many central nervous system disorders. The aim of this study was to detect whether perihematomal edema (PHE) after spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH) is associated with cerebral venous outflow volume (CVFV) in the internal jugular veins and vertebral veins.
The oxygen uptake efficiency slope (OUES) is a well-established substitute for maximum oxygen uptake (O2 max) in submaximal exercise effort among adolescents and adults. Few studies have analyzed the exercise capacity (EC) and OUES of children aged 4 to 6 (preschoolers)
A novel investigational weight-loss device called the TransPyloric Shuttle (TPS) system (BAROnova) was safe and effective in a 12-month phase 3 pivotal trial.