Cryoablation, the destruction of cancer cells through freezing shows early indications of effectiveness in treating women with low-risk breast cancers, according to research being presented today at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA).
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An unusually bright, or hyperechoic, deltoid muscle on ultrasound may be a result of insulin resistance and thus a sign of diabetes, according to a new study. In patients without diabetes, the deltoid is typically hypoechoic relative to the underlying supraspinatus tendon, researchers noted in a presentation November 26 at the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA) 2018 Scientific Assembly and Annual Meeting in Chicago.
Specifically, an association was previously found between essential omega-3 fatty acid DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) and gut microbiome diversity in healthy elderly people. However, evidence from randomized trials assessing the effect of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) on human gut microbiota is scarce.
By stirring crosstalk among skin cells that form the roots of hair, researchers report they have regrown hair strands on damaged skin. The findings better explain why hair does not normally grow on wounded skin, and may help in the search for better drugs to restore hair growth, say the study's authors.
Researchers from the Princess Máxima Center for Pediatric Oncology have shown that the number of mutations in healthy and leukemic blood stem cells does not differ. Rather the location of the mutations in the DNA is relevant.
Adoptive cell transfer (ACT) is a promising cancer immunotherapy that involves isolating T cells from cancer patients that are capable of targeting their tumor, selecting the more active T cells and expanding those in the lab, and then transfusing them back into patients.
Stem-cell transplantation is an effective form of therapy to fight leukemia. In many cases, however, the transferred immune cells of the donor also attack the recipients' healthy tissue often with fatal consequences.
Scoring models used to predict 30-day readmission risk in the general hospital population may not accurately predict readmissions for patients in the neurocritical care unit, reports a study in the Journal of Neuroscience Nursing, official journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses.
According to Colorado State University social psychologist Jennifer Harman, about 22 million American parents have been the victims of behavior that lead to something called parental alienation. Having researched the phenomenon for several years, Harman is urging psychological, legal and child custody disciplines to recognize parental alienation as a form of both child abuse and intimate partner violence.
Older adults diagnosed with dementia are frequently being prescribed potentially inappropriate medications, which leaves them at risk of delirium, worsening cognitive impairment, and increased mortality, a University of Otago study has found.
Stunting among children under five has fallen globally from 32.6% in 2000 to 22.2% in 2017, but India is home to almost a third of the world's stunted children, according to the Global Nutrition Report.
Sachin Velankar, Edith Tzeng, and Luka Pocivavsek study naturally anti-thrombotic wrinkled surfaces in arteries to improve synthetic vascular graft design. During a coronary bypass procedure, surgeons redirect blood flow using an autologous bypass graft, most often derived from the patient's own veins.