Congo has begun the first-ever trial of the effectiveness and safety of four experimental Ebola drugs, the first time scientists compared these treatments, the World Health Organization said. The UN health agency described the multi-drug trial as "a giant step" that would "bring clarity about what works best."
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University of Stirling experts have discovered new evidence of the link between air pollution and cancer as part of a new occupational health study. The team, from the Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport, analyzed the case of a woman who developed breast cancer after spending 20 years working as a border guard at the busiest commercial border crossing in North America.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention calls cigarette smoking "the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the US, accounting for over 480,000 deaths per year." The CDC just reported that smoking rates among US adults have fallen to the lowest level ever recorded – only 14%, less than a third-rate just 70 years ago. While this decline is remarkable, it also points to a puzzle: How did smoking rates ever get so high in the first place?
A study has shown that the showerheads contain slime that can be dangerous to the bacterium which lead to severe lung disease. Mycobacterial bacteria are responsible for lung diseases explain experts.
Researchers at the University of Tübingen and the German Center for Infection Research (DZIF) have achieved a breakthrough in the decoding of multi-resistant pathogens. The team led by Professor Andreas Peschel and Professor Thilo Stehle was able to decode the structure and function of a previously unknown protein used by dreaded pathogens such as Staphylococcus aureus like a magic cloak to protect themselves against the human immune system. The study was published in Nature.
Ten percent of pediatric asthma cases could be avoided if childhood obesity were eliminated, according to research reviewing medical records of more than 500,000 children published in Pediatrics, the journal of the American Academy of Pediatrics.
An important component of the microscopic machinery that drives cell death has been identified by Walter and Eliza Hall Institute scientists. Studying the 'pro-death' machinery that caused damaged, diseased or unwanted cells, the research team revealed a protein called VDAC2 was critical for the function of a key pro-death protein called Bax.