Scientists at the National Eye Institute (NEI) have found that neurons in the superior colliculus, an ancient midbrain structure found in all vertebrates, are key players in allowing us to detect visual objects and events. This structure doesn't help us recognize what the specific object or event is; instead, it's the part of the brain that decides something is there at all
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ASP8232, a novel inhibitor of vascular adhesion protein-1 (VAP-1), reduces the urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio in patients with type 2 diabetes and chronic kidney disease, according to results from the ALBUM trial
A new study has identified a novel molecular driver of lethal prostate cancer, along with a molecule that could be used to attack it. The findings were made in laboratory mice. If confirmed in humans, they could lead to more effective ways to control certain aggressive types of prostate cancer, the second-leading cause of cancer death for men in the U.S.
British children with intellectual disabilities are more likely than their peers to live in areas with high outdoor air pollution, according to a new Journal of Intellectual Disability Research study funded by Public Health England
A study performed with the INMA birth cohort and the European HELIX project has revealed reproducible associations between exposure to multiple chemical pollutants and changes in metabolic processes during pregnancy. The results will help researchers to understand how environmental exposures can affect the health of pregnant women and their babies
A nosebleed, also known as epistaxis, is the common occurrence of bleeding from the nose. It is usually noticed when the blood drains out through the nostrils. There are two types: anterior (the most common), and posterior (less common, more likely to require medical attention). Sometimes in more severe cases, the blood can come up the nasolacrimal duct and out from the eye. Fresh blood and clotted blood can also flow down into the stomach and cause nausea and vomiting.
A radioisotope used for diagnosing and treating thyroid cancer and hyperthyroidism, iodine-131 (I-131), is now being produced in the United States for the first time in almost 30 years. It is made at the University of Missouri Research Reactor (MURR) in Columbia. The center recently shipped its first batch.
Some brain-injured people left with disorders of consciousness unable to communicate or respond, such as people in a coma nevertheless show normal brain responses to spoken language as measured through the scalp by electroencephalography (EEG).
Differences in the cells that give skin its resilience and strength during wound repair may explain why individuals heal differently, according to a new Yale study published Nov. 23 in the journal Science. Fibroblasts, the cells that form the protein structure beneath the surface of the skin, were once thought to be fairly uniform in their function.
The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center and the Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Richard J. Solove Research Institute are collaborating with Nationwide Children’s Hospital to bring the first proton therapy treatment facility to central Ohio.