B cells are important in helping the immune system fight pathogens. However, in the case of the neurological autoimmune disease multiple sclerosis (MS), they can damage nerve tissue. When particular control cells are missing, too many B cells accumulate in the meninges, resulting in inflammation of the central nervous system.
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Several years ago, drug shortages became headline news when supplies of three different drugs used to treat childhood cancers were running low in major hospitals. Sometimes shortages like those are resolved before patients are harmed.
More than one-third of all over-65s in Germany are at acute risk of falling. The consequences affect themselves and their personal environment but also the health care system. Researchers are currently developing the prototype together with an industry partner.
Cosmetic outcomes after hypofractionated (HF) whole-breast irradiation (WBI) are at least as good as after conventionally fractionated (CF) WBI, according to three-year results from a randomized noninferiority trial.
Use of practitioner-led complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), such as acupuncture, massage, osteopathy, and chiropractic treatment, rose from 12% of the population in 2005 to 16% of the population in 2015, according to a survey led by researchers at the University of Bristol's Centre for Academic Primary Care.
National Institutes of Health scientists and their collaborators found that hepatitis B virus (HBV)-associated acute liver failure (ALF), a rare condition that can turn fatal within days without liver transplantation results from an uncommon encounter between a highly mutated HBV variant and an unusual immune response in the patient's liver that is mainly sustained by antibody-producing B cells.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, more than 100 million Americans are either living with diabetes or have higher than average blood sugar levels with prediabetes.