All news from Neurology

Making Moves to Understand Cognitive Function in the Brain

The cerebellum, a structure found in the back of the skull, is known to be important for the control of movement, while the frontal cortex is responsible for cognitive functions such as short-term memory and decision making. However, as the scientists continue to unlock the mystery of how billions of neurons in the brain interact, it is becoming more apparent that it is not that black and white

Better Health Outcomes in India with Focused IPR-Protection

A lack of a strong IPR regime and drug price control – India is already among the five offenders on drug tariffs – delay innovation and the advent of cutting edge medicines. While US President Donald Trump has largely focused on his grievances with trade – going as far as  to refer to India as to "tariffking"  – it remains to be seen how Indian policy makers handle Intellectual Property Right (IPR) related issues, which has historically been a source of contention between America and India.  

Mental ill-Health: The Latest NCD in Sri Lanka

The World Health Organisation (WHO) marked the World Mental Health Day this month with the theme being ‘young people and mental health in a changing world.’ The aim is to raise global awareness of mental health issues and to stimulate advocacy.   

HPV-related Cancers Risk is Higher in HIV-infected Hispanic Adults, Findings

A new study reveals that HIV-infected adults in the United States are at a higher risk of developing cancers caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV) than Hispanics from the general population. Published early online in CANCER, the findings highlight the need for continued efforts to develop and implement appropriate HPV-vaccination and cancer screening programs for individuals with HIV, and for additional research that explains the causes of racial / ethnic disparities in HPV-related cancer occurrences.

K pneumoniae Carbapenemase-Producing Enterobacteriaceae Infections in Children

Patients with  Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae infections had high multisystem disease / devices burden as well as exposures to carbapenems and aminoglycosides, according to research published in The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal . Non-ST258  K pneumoniae  strains were more common in children, unlike in adults, whereas length of stay and mortality rates were similar across groups

Some Cancers Affect Only Young Women, Study Findings

Among several forms of pancreatic cancer, one of them specifically affects women, often young. How is this possible, even though the pancreas is an organ with little exposure to sex hormones? This pancreatic cancer, known as "mucinous cyst", has strange similarities with another mucinous cancer, affecting the ovaries.

By conducting large-scale analyses of genomic data, both tumours originate from embryonic germ cells. While still undifferentiated, these cells migrate to the reproductive organs. On their way, some can mistakenly stop in other organs, bringing a risk of tumour that may occur 30 years later. Journal of Pathology , paves the way for a more appropriate and personalized management aligned with the tumour's origin.