All news from Social & Preventive Medicine / Community Medicine

Rise In Development of Self-Lubricating Condoms

Researchers have come up with self-lubricating condoms that become slippery or lubricated once they come in contact with skin. This would not only raise the pleasure factor of condom usage but also increase the use of condoms and reduce the incidence of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and unwanted pregnancies. This novel condom can stay lubricated for over 1,000 thrusts, say researchers. The study was funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

Biomaterials with 'Frankenstein proteins' Help Heal Tissue

Biomedical engineers have demonstrated that, by injecting an artificial protein made from a solution of ordered and disordered segments, to solid scaffold forms in response to body heat, and in a few weeks seamlessly integrated into tissue.

The ability to combine these segments into proteins with unique properties will allow researchers to precisely control the properties of new biomaterials for applications in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine . The study was published in the journal  Nature Materials.

Crisis Patients Perceive Opioids For Postsurgical Pain

Letting women who've had a cesarean section and control pain medication through a catheter reduces their use of oral addictive opioid painkillers, report researchers. Their study included 576 women who had planned C-sections.

In such cases, it is common to inject a local anesthetic and a small dose of morphine into the spinal fluid. The morphine provides about 18 hours of pain relief after surgery, but significant pain may continue for several days.

In most cases, women are given oral opioids to manage that pain. Research presented at meetings is typically considered preliminary until published in a peer-reviewed journal.

Anti-Doping: Top Athletes Weigh in on Perceived Effectiveness of Measures

Doping remains an ongoing problem in competitive sports , but have never before asked for athletes to rank the effectiveness of available anti-doping strategies. A new poll of a national pool of cyclists and field athletes finds that, according to the athletes, better diagnoses, increased bans and laws against doping are perceived to be more effective than increased goals or leniency programs.

Population Trends in ICU Admissions in the US Among Medicare Beneficiaries

From 2006 to 2015, there was a significant decrease in the intensive care unit (ICU) admissions among Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries. The study was published online in the  Annals of Internal Medicine .

Researchers used data from the Medicare Provider Analysis and Review file to assess hospitalizations involving acute and ICU care between 2006 and 2015 for Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries (aged 65 years or older).

Nutrition Prevent Astronauts From Malnourished During Space Missions

For thousands of years, nutrition has been a driving factor behind the success or failure of human exploration. This is particularly true in the case of space flight. It is vital to prevent the astronauts from becoming malnourished during missions, which often last months.

But modern space nutrition goes further than that. It aims to maximize the crew's performance while reducing the damaging effects of space flight and protecting against long-term health risks like cancer and heart disease.

Cardiac Arrest Survival Greatly Increased By Bystanders External Defibrillator

More people are stepping in to help give CPR when someone's heart stops, and first responders are intervening at higher levels-but survival rates are higher for men who have cardiac arrests than for women.

A recent study suggests substantial for a small group of patients-usually younger and male patients who have a cardiac arrest in a public place. The study was published in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

Effects & Costs Of Home-Based Rehabilitation for Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction

A new study has found that the Rehabilitation Enablement in Chronic Heart Failure (REACH-HF) program, led by the University of Exeter and the Royal Cornwall Hospitals NHS trust, significantly improved quality of life and is deliverable within NHS cost guidelines.

The program was co-designed by clinicians, academics, patients, and caregivers to help increase participation in rehabilitation therapies for heart failure. The five-year study received £ 2million in grant funding from the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) under its Program Grants for Applied Research program with contributions from a number of clinical and academic partners from across the UK including Exeter, Gwent, Birmingham, York, and Dundee.

The study was published in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.

Changes In Lifestyle Leads To Sleep Disorders

Changes in lifestyle like avoiding caffeine before going to bed can address sleep disorders that impair physical, psychological and social aspects of well-being. Sleep loss and sleep disorders are among the most common health problems.

Yet, they are often overlooked. It is estimated that 50 to 70 million Americans chronically suffer from a sleep disorder, which affects daily functioning as well as their health and longevity.  While 7-8 hours of sleep every day is recommended, almost 30% of Americans are sleeping 6 hours or less.