All news from Social & Preventive Medicine / Community Medicine
Researchers have come up with self-lubricating condoms that become slippery or lubricated once they come in contact with skin. This would not only raise the pleasure factor of condom usage but also increase the use of condoms and reduce the incidence of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and unwanted pregnancies. This novel condom can stay lubricated for over 1,000 thrusts, say researchers. The study was funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.
Biomedical engineers have demonstrated that, by injecting an artificial protein made from a solution of ordered and disordered segments, to solid scaffold forms in response to body heat, and in a few weeks seamlessly integrated into tissue.
The ability to combine these segments into proteins with unique properties will allow researchers to precisely control the properties of new biomaterials for applications in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine . The study was published in the journal Nature Materials.
A team led by Van Andel Research Institute (VARI) scientists have revealed the atomic-level structure of TRPM2, a protein that may be a promising drug target for conditions such as Alzheimer's disease and bipolar disorder. The study was published today in Nature
Letting women who've had a cesarean section and control pain medication through a catheter reduces their use of oral addictive opioid painkillers, report researchers. Their study included 576 women who had planned C-sections.
In such cases, it is common to inject a local anesthetic and a small dose of morphine into the spinal fluid. The morphine provides about 18 hours of pain relief after surgery, but significant pain may continue for several days.
In most cases, women are given oral opioids to manage that pain. Research presented at meetings is typically considered preliminary until published in a peer-reviewed journal.
Doping remains an ongoing problem in competitive sports , but have never before asked for athletes to rank the effectiveness of available anti-doping strategies. A new poll of a national pool of cyclists and field athletes finds that, according to the athletes, better diagnoses, increased bans and laws against doping are perceived to be more effective than increased goals or leniency programs.
From 2006 to 2015, there was a significant decrease in the intensive care unit (ICU) admissions among Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries. The study was published online in the Annals of Internal Medicine .
Researchers used data from the Medicare Provider Analysis and Review file to assess hospitalizations involving acute and ICU care between 2006 and 2015 for Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries (aged 65 years or older).
For thousands of years, nutrition has been a driving factor behind the success or failure of human exploration. This is particularly true in the case of space flight. It is vital to prevent the astronauts from becoming malnourished during missions, which often last months.
But modern space nutrition goes further than that. It aims to maximize the crew's performance while reducing the damaging effects of space flight and protecting against long-term health risks like cancer and heart disease.
Researchers conducted a cohort study involving 82,737 women in the Nurses' Health Study II to examine the correlation between the risk for incident rosacea and caffeine intake. Caffeine intake from coffee is inversely associated with the risk for incident rosacea. The study was published online in JAMA Dermatology.
More people are stepping in to help give CPR when someone's heart stops, and first responders are intervening at higher levels-but survival rates are higher for men who have cardiac arrests than for women.
A recent study suggests substantial for a small group of patients-usually younger and male patients who have a cardiac arrest in a public place. The study was published in the Journal of the American Heart Association.
A new study has found that the Rehabilitation Enablement in Chronic Heart Failure (REACH-HF) program, led by the University of Exeter and the Royal Cornwall Hospitals NHS trust, significantly improved quality of life and is deliverable within NHS cost guidelines.
The program was co-designed by clinicians, academics, patients, and caregivers to help increase participation in rehabilitation therapies for heart failure. The five-year study received £ 2million in grant funding from the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) under its Program Grants for Applied Research program with contributions from a number of clinical and academic partners from across the UK including Exeter, Gwent, Birmingham, York, and Dundee.
The study was published in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.
Changes in lifestyle like avoiding caffeine before going to bed can address sleep disorders that impair physical, psychological and social aspects of well-being. Sleep loss and sleep disorders are among the most common health problems.
Yet, they are often overlooked. It is estimated that 50 to 70 million Americans chronically suffer from a sleep disorder, which affects daily functioning as well as their health and longevity. While 7-8 hours of sleep every day is recommended, almost 30% of Americans are sleeping 6 hours or less.
As our workforce ages, and become more reliant on older workers, age-related hearing loss will become increasingly important health, safety, and wellbeing issue. It is up to employers and their occupational health teams to offer better support by introducing workplace hearing screening.