All news from Anaesthesiology

NASA Deploys Telehealth to Care for Astronauts

Ultrasound and remote video tools are critical to keeping International Space Station crew members healthy. Much of what makes up a good telehealth program is the ability to deliver high-quality care advice to individuals from a distance. That's especially necessary for astronauts on board the International Space Station, since the closest medical doctor is a rocket-ship ride away, back on Earth.

"Telemedicine really is our only resource," said Shannan Moynihan, deputy chief medical officer for the NASA Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, during a March 8 session at HIMSS 2018 in Las Vegas. "Unfortunately, we don't get to go make house calls. I've tried that it didn't fly."

New Insights About Ear Aczema

Eczema can appear anywhere on the body, including the outside of the ear or inside the ear canal. People with ear eczema may notice dry, flaky skin in or around their ears. This symptom may develop after contact with specific triggers, such as beauty products or metal jewelry.

Ear eczema may lead to infection and inflammation of the ear canal, called acute otitis externa. Using a range of treatment and prevention methods, people can often reduce ear eczema symptoms and flares.

Type 1 Diabetes Caused by Abnormal Behavior Of Human Immune System

Type 1 diabetes is caused by the abnormal behavior of the human body’s immune system. In type 1 diabetes, the immune system perceives insulin-generating cells as intruders. In response, antibodies are created to destroy these cells.

The targeted cells are called Beta cells and are generated by the pancreas. Diabetes Type 1 is considered a chronic metabolic condition that is generally linked to genetic complications. The disease is often diagnosed in children as their immune system is not well-developed yet.

Dermatology Ways To Deal With The Most Common Acne Scars

For those who suffer from acne, current pimples aren’t always the problem, often it’s the scarring that’s left behind that can leave many of us feeling less than confident rocking a bare face. Acne scarring occurs because infected material from follicles within the skin spills out causing inflammation and damage to the dermis of the skin.

When the dermis is injured, the response is fibrosis, which is a complex process involving the deposition of collagen and other proteins. The combination of damage or thinning to the dermal layer of the skin and fibrosis causes acne scarring.

Mediterranean Diet Increases Psychological Well-Being

Being depressed can negatively affect your appetite and our latest study, a systematic review of the best available evidence, found a clear link between the quality of a person's diet and their risk of depression. And it goes beyond the effect of diet on body size or other aspects of health that can affect mental health.

Wearable defibrillator Cuts Mortality, Not Sudden Death After Heart Attack

An international clinical trial that studied wearable cardioverter defibrillators (WCDs) found that the devices did not significantly reduce sudden cardiac death the primary goal of the device among patients assigned to the device in the first 90 days after a heart attack, but did lower mortality among those who wore it as prescribed, according to a study led by researchers at UC San Francisco.

The devices, which consist of highly sensitive tests that can deliver an electric shock when the heart beats out of rhythm, are designed to provide medical intervention around the clock for patients who have had a heart attack and are at further risk of death due to arrhythmia. The study was published in the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM).