All news from Anaesthesiology

Financial Toxicity Prevalent in Older Cancer Patients

About one in five older cancer patients report experiencing financial toxicity, according to researchers from the University of Rochester in New York. In a large cohort of more than 500 patients aged 70 years and older, 18% stated they were experiencing financial problems related to the cost of their treatment and that this was taking a toll on their care, quality of life, and mental well-being.

Effectiveness of New Antibody Therapy in HIV, Clinical Trials

A new clinical trial shows that broadly neutralizing antibodies can suppress HIV for up to four months, far longer than currently available drugs. Though improvements in antiretroviral therapy, HIV is now a manageable condition. To remain healthy, people infected with HIV must therefore adhere to strict medication regimens, which typically involve ingesting pills every day for the rest of their lives.

African Swine Fever Virus Cause No Harm To Humans, Findings

The ASF pathogen is a virus which infects domestic pigs and wild boar and which leads to a severe, often lethal, disease in these animals. It is transferred via direct contact or with excretions from infected animals, or through ticks. The ASF virus is endemic to infected wild animals in Africa, but there have also repeatedly been outbreaks in southern Europe.

Antifungal Agent used in Porphyria Treatment

A large team of researchers from Spain, France and the U.S. has found that a common antifungal agent might be useful as a treatment for a rare type of porphyria. In their paper published in the journal Science Translational Medicine, the group describes screening thousands of compounds for a treatment for congenital erythropoietic porphyria (CEP)—a rare type of the disease—and what they found.

Tiger Mosquitoes has Major Role in Yellow Fever Virus Transmission

Since December 2016, Brazil has been grappling with its worst yellow fever outbreak for several decades. To date, there have been 2,043 human cases including 676 fatalities, mainly occurring in ten Brazilian states including Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo. These two states, the most heavily populated in Brazil, had been free of yellow fever for nearly 70 years. Research demonstrated that the yellow fever virus can be transmitted via Aedes albopictus, the tiger mosquito. This opportunistic species is capable of colonizing both urban and forest areas.