All news from Anaesthesiology

To Decrease Emergency Room Visits

Canadians have the highest rates of emergency room visits among high-income countries. We need a better care model. You get home after a long day at work and the cough that’s been bugging you just doesn’t seem to be letting up. Your muscles ache, you have chills and you hear a slight wheeze when you breathe out.

Depression With Psychosis

Depression with psychotic features is when someone experiences both depression and psychosis. Psychosis refers to a disconnection from reality and may include symptoms such as hallucinations or delusions.

Major depression with psychotic features is also sometimes referred to as psychotic depression. It is a grave illness characterized by a combination of unipolar major depressive symptoms and psychosis.

Heart Dycfunction In Myotonic Dystrophy Identified

Researchers reveal new insights into what can be causing life-threatening cardiac-related events in myotonic dystrophy type 1(DM1). The study was published in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

The study shows that reproducing in mice the missplicing of gene Scn5a observed in patients with the condition recapitulates defects in cardiac function present in the patients. The findings highlight a non-mutational mechanism that is relevant to DM1 and possibly other types of arrhythmias and opens the possibility for novel interventions.

Time-Restricted Feeding Prevents Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome A Circadian Clock

It turns out timing really is everything, at least when it comes to the diets of lab mice that have their circadian clocks disrupted. The study was published in Cell Metabolism. It is reporting that limiting the times when the animals eat can correct obesity and other metabolic problems that are normally seen in these mice, even when they're fed an unhealthy diet. The results suggest a previously unknown link between disruption of the clock and eating behavior.

HIV Prevention: Risk-profiling can Benefit the Patients

That men who have sex with men run a greater risk of HIV than others has been known since the virus was discovered. However, a thesis from Karolinska Institutet now shows that it is a small sub-group of these men who account for the greater part of the risk increase. The results are important to preventive efforts against HIV in Sweden.

Need for HPV Vaccination to Reach Public Health Goal

Nearly 14 million additional adolescents (11-12 years of age) beyond those who will be vaccinated based on current rates will need to receive the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine between now and 2026 to reach the American Cancer Society's goal of an 80% vaccination rate by that year.

The figure comes from a new report from American Cancer Society investigators looking to guide HPV cancer control efforts in the wake of recent goal-setting. The report appears early online in Cancer.

Nanoparticles Effective in Breast Cancer Treatment

Scientists at the University of Toronto's Leslie Dan Faculty of Pharmacy have seen remarkable success combining tumor modulating nanoparticles with doxorubicin to enhance chemotherapy response in pre-clinical model breast cancer. This combination approach also appears to boost anti-tumor immunity, contributing to the growing excitement surrounding immunotherapy as an avenue to treat cancer.