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Chronic Laryngitis Symptoms & Its Cause

Laryngitis is an inflammation of the voice box that can cause hoarseness or loss of voice. Chronic laryngitis lasts for more than 3 weeks, and causes can include other illnesses or certain lifestyle factors. In this article, we examine chronic laryngitis and look at its symptoms, causes, and risk factors. We also cover diagnosis, treatment, and prevention.

Examine To Clarify The Onset Of Diabetes

Individuals who develop diabetes or prediabetes have elevated plasma glucose fasting (FPG) at least 10 years before diagnosis. The study was published in the Journal of the Endocrine Society.

Researchers analyzed data from 27,392 health exams without diabetes for a mean of 5.3 years. Ten years before diagnosis of prediabetes (4,781 participants) or diabetes (1,061 participants), trajectories of FPG,  body mass index  (BMI), and single point insulin sensitivity estimator (SPISE), an index of insulin sensitivity, were assessed.

Perception Of Current Anti-doping Regime Among Top Athletes

When trying to determine how best to deter doping in competitive sports, who better to ask than the athletes themselves? A first-of-its-kind study in Frontiers in Psychology did precisely that by asking top-level German cyclists and field athletes to rate which anti-doping methods they perceived as the most effective.

The athletes identified improved detection and diagnostics, increased bans for offenders and anti-doping laws, which make doping a criminal offense, as the most important methods. Increased fines and leniency programs for offenders who cooperate in the identification of other offending athletes were ranked as far less effective.

Higher Risk Of Suicide In COPD Patients With Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

People suffering from two common conditions post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and the breathing disorder known as a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), may be increasing their risk for suicide if they take benzodiazepine drugs, a new study suggests.

Benzodiazepines include powerful drugs such as Ativan, Valium, and Xanax. These medications are prescribed to people with PTSD to ease anxiety, insomnia or shortness of breath. The study was published in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

New Vaccine Gives Protection For Lassa Fever

Lassa fever belongs to the same class of hemorrhagic fevers like Ebola. Like Ebola, it has been a major health threat in Western Africa, infecting 100,000-300,000 people and killing 5,000 per year. A new vaccine against both rabies and Lassa has demonstrated effective protection in animal models of disease.

The study was published in the journal  Nature CommunicationsThe research also points to a new way to test for protection against the virus, to find that it could significantly speed vaccine development in humans.

UN Treaty Cracks Down On Heated Tobacco Products

Big tobacco companies moved to the hard line taken by a global tobacco control treaty, including its decision that new "vaping" products should face the same restrictions as cigarettes. A meeting of the state parties to the UN Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) concluded last week with a number of anti-industry rulings, including increased efforts to curb industry influence and a call to crack down on new products.