All news from Anaesthesiology

Rare Metabolic Disorders: New Pre-clinical Research shows Utility of mRNA Platform

Moderna, Inc., a clinical stage biotechnology company pioneering messenger RNA (mRNA) therapeutics and vaccines to create a new generation of transformative medicines for patients, announced new pre-clinical research published in the journal Nature Medicine that further demonstrates the utility of its mRNA platform to express therapeutic levels of protein in liver tissue to potentially treat patients with rare metabolic disorders.

A Simple Way Devised to Boost Efficacy of Malarial TBVs

For decades, scientists have been trying to develop a vaccine that prevents mosquitoes from spreading malaria among humans. This unique approach — in which immunized humans transfer anti-malarial proteins to mosquitoes when bitten — is called a transmission-blocking vaccine (TBV). A few malarial TBVs have shown promise but they have not been widely tested due to unwanted side effects or limited effectiveness.

Radiation Therapy Effective In Treating Oropharyngeal Cancer

Adding more evidence to the comparison between radiation therapy and surgery in treating an increasingly diagnosed head and neck cancer, a new study by researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center found no major long-term differences in the effectiveness of the two therapies.

Given these results, investigators suggest quality-of-life factors should help inform a treatment decision. The study was published in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

Asthma Contributes to Childhood Obesity Epidemic, Study Finds

Toddlers with asthma are more likely to become obese children, according to an international study led by USC scientists. The finding is a turnabout for children's health as obesity has often been seen as a precursor to asthma in children, not the other way around. The study, conducted by a team of 40 scientists including researchers at the Keck School of Medicine of USC, was recently published in the European Respiratory Journal.

Sextortion Prevalence Behaviors Among Teens, Study

According to the United States Department of Justice, "sextortion" is labeled as the most important and fastest-growing cyberthreat to children, with more minor victims per offender than all other child sexual exploitation offenses. Sextortion is the threatened dissemination of explicit, intimate, or embarrassing images of a sexual nature without consent. It is usually for the purpose of getting more images, sexual acts, money or something else.