Female soccer players exhibit more widespread evidence of microstructural white matter alteration than males, despite having similar exposure to heading, according to a study recently published in Radiology.
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If you are one of the 5.7 million Americans who ends up in the intensive care unit every year, you are at high risk of developing long-term mental effects like dementia and confusion. These mental problems can be as pronounced as those experienced by people with Alzheimer's disease or a traumatic brain injury and many patients never fully recover.
But research shows you are less likely to suffer those effects if the doctors and nurses follow a procedure that's gaining ground in ICUs nationwide.
In the human brain, nerve cells – so-called neurons – care for the transmission of electrical signals. They form the functional component responsible for sensations, stimuli and memories. In the presence of dementia, there is an adsorption of proteins outside the neurons, which leads to the death of the neuronal cells. How to prevent the death of neurons is still the subject of scientific research today.
Patients with metastatic NSCLC receiving treatment at academic centers (ACs) have an increased 2-year survival compared to patients treated at community-based centers (CCs). An overall histology-dependent survival was also noted in patients with adenocarcinoma verses squamous cell carcinoma and varied by treatment facility.
Purdue University researchers are testing whether a light-active version of heme, the molecule responsible for transporting oxygen in blood circulation, may help people infected with MRSA. The research was published in the American Chemical Society journal ACS Infectious Diseases in September.
Heart disease is the No. 1 killer of women, claiming to female life every minute. Yet it is often seen as a "man's disease." This disparity is magnified in sub-Saharan Africa, where we have recently conducted an investigation into the experiences of women living with rheumatic heart disease.
Astronauts get space sick in the space travel from Earth to the International Space Station. Yes, astronauts can get space sick traveling to the International Space Station. It is less likely traveling in the cramped Russian Soyuz spacecraft used to transport astronauts there now than the old Space Shuttle that was used until 2011. The ability to move around in the Space Shuttle increased the chance of space sickness happening. Space sickness affects up to half of the astronauts during their first few days on the space station.
Atopic dermatitis, also known as eczema, is a skin condition that may affect people of all races and ethnicities but may occur more frequently in African-American children. According to US research, 19.3% of African-American children have eczema compared to 16.1% of European-American children.
There are many different treatment options available to consider when taking into account the unique characteristics of each patient. Here are some facts to help understand eczema.
An integrated plasma proteomics classifier, which integrates the relative abundance of two plasma proteins with a clinical risk prediction model, can distinguish benign from malignant lung nodules in those at low-to-intermediate risk for cancer, according to a study published in the September issue of CHEST.
Emergency department visits as the first point of contact for people with mental illness may reflect poor access to timely outpatient mental health care. They sought to determine the extent to which immigrants used the emergency department as an entryway into mental health services.
Researchers assessed the risk for CVD events among adults and recommended antihypertensive medication initiation or intensification based on 2017 ACC / AHA blood pressure guideline. Participants (aged ≥45 years) were part of the REGARDS (REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke) study cohort, and their systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were measured twice at baseline (2003 to 2007) and averaged. CVD events (stroke, coronary heart disease, and heart failure) were tracked through 2014.