All news from Maternity & Child Health
Cesarean-born mice show altered patterns of cell death across the brain, exhibiting a greater nerve cell death than vaginally delivered mice in at least one brain area, a finding by Georgia State University that suggests that it may have effects on human neurodevelopment that may lead to long-lasting changes in the brain and behavior.
The formation of protein complexes is a highly organized process that does not begin with the "finished" proteins. Researchers demonstrate that they form in a coordinated way when the protein subunits are synthesized.
Our findings fundamentally alter our understanding of how biologically active protein complexes form in the cell. The study was published in Nature
A research group presented a novel biosensor which can produce diverse, high-level microbial cell factories. The biosensor monitors the concentration of products and even intermediates when new strains are being developed. This strategy provides a new platform for manufacturing diverse natural products from renewable resources. The team succeeded in creating four natural products of high-level pharmaceutical importance with this strategy.
The EU faces alarming increases in obesity and associated health problems such as cardiovascular disease, cancer and diabetes. Worldwide, some 10 % of people are excessively overweight and obesity is on track to overtake smoking as the single biggest cause of preventable cancer in some countries. The issue is complex and rooted in the inactive nature of modern life characterized by extensive car use and widely available, affordable, and often unhealthy food.
Titanium nanoparticles are nano-sized particles (1-100 nm) made of titanium dioxide (TiO 2 ). They are cheap to produce and have applications in optics, materials science, electronics, catalysis, as a pigment, and in biology.
Titanium nanoparticles in artificial joints
The serviceable life of artificial joints such as hips or knees, usually around fifteen years before replacement is required, can be greatly extended using titanium nanoparticles. The nanoparticles are used to coat the artificial joint and provide a hard, resistant surface with improved resistance to wear.
Similarly, other implants can be coated in this way to improve biocompatibility and lessen the risk of bacterial infections.
Researchers have developed techniques to detect Lyme disease bacteria weeks sooner than current tests, allowing patients to start treatment earlier. The findings appear in the journal Clinical Infectious Diseases. The authors include scientists from Rutgers Biomedical and Health Sciences, Harvard University, Yale University, the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, FDA, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and other institutions.
One of the most overlooked advantages of being in the dental profession is that any general practitioner has the ability, through the evolution of continuing education, to become talented in arenas once reserved for specialists. There is a myriad of continuums that enable GPs to master orthodontics, endodontics, and implantology.
If you're a primary care physician and your office is not performing as it was, you can not sign up for a 12-month continuum on plastic surgery. Sedation dentistry is an amazing advantage exclusive to dentistry.
It has been well established that HIV transmission can be efficiently halted by effective treatment of those infected or by pre-exposure prophylaxis of individuals at risk of exposure. However, the effectiveness of these approaches to prevent HIV transmission require strict adherence to dosing regimens.
A novel synthetic DNA vaccine developed based on pioneered by scientists at The Wistar Institute Vaccine & Immunotherapy Center offers complete protection from Zaire Ebolavirus (EBOV) infection in promising preclinical research. Study results were published online in the Journal of Infectious Diseases.
Is your senior loved one starting to exhibit advanced symptoms of Alzheimer's dementia? It might be time to start switching the primary focus of his or her treatment from memory care , which is primarily concerned with life and memory preservation, to palliative care , which is mostly centered on quality-of-life improvement and pain control.
Many people first hear the term " palliative care " paired with "hospice," and they naturally think that the words are interchangeable. Although they're similar in many respects, they are not exactly the same. Today, let's talk about the differences between the two.
Researchers have successfully incorporated 'photosensitizers' into a range of polymers, giving those materials the ability to render bacteria and viruses inactive using only ambient oxygen and visible-wavelength light. The study is published in the journal ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces.
The Centre's patronage for the traditional systems of medicine including Ayurveda is well known but what appears to be interesting is that AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy) has not been included in the Ayushman Bharat – Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojna (PMJAY), National medical insurance scheme inaugurated by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi recently.