All news from Pulmonary Medicine

Amino Acid Improve Glucose Control In Diabetes

The discovery of a previously unknown effect of the amino acid alanine on cell metabolism could lead to new drugs for short-term control of blood glucose. It appears that the amino acid activates an enzyme called AMP kinase (AMPK) that increases energy production in cells.

This results in a short-term reduction in blood glucose that does not involve insulin. The study was published in the journal Molecular Metabolism.

Perioperative Pain Management in Patients With Opioid Use Disorder

Although there has been an increasing focus on addressing opioid use disorders (OUDs) in outpatient settings, there is a dearth of research regarding perioperative pain management in people with a history of OUD. Opioid tolerance and medications used for OUD treatment present significant challenges in this setting.

Patients with OUD have been shown to have lower pain tolerance, increased sensitivity to pain, and comorbid chronic pain conditions compared [with] opioid-naive control groups” and the risk for relapse is a significant concern for those in recovery. The study was published in Anesthesia and Analgesia.

Patients Family Learn About Hospice Care

Palliative and hospice care " address the needs of the whole person, which is the foundation of Catholic health care," said Sister Carol Keehan, a Daughter of Charity, who is president and CEO of the Catholic Health Association, based in St. Louis. She made the comments in an Oct. 8 news release issued jointly by CHA and the Supportive Care Coalition in Hillsboro, Oregon, to mark World Hospice and Palliative Care Day Oct. 13.

Deep Space Travel Cause Cancer in Astronauts

When Elon Musk unveiled SpaceX's plans for sending humans to Mars in September 2016, he had a remarkably cavalier attitude towards the dangers of space radiation. There's going to be some risk of radiation, but it's not deadly," he told the audience in Guadalajara, Mexico back then.

There will be some increased risk of cancer, but I think it's relatively minor. The radiation thing is often brought up, but I think it's not too big of a deal. The study was published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Eczema Drug Restores Hair Growth In Alopecia Patient

Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) physicians are reporting an unexpected side-effect from treatment with dupilumab, which is FDA approved for the treatment of moderate to severe eczema, also called atopic dermatitis.

The study was published in JAMA Dermatology, the physicians describe how their 13-year-old patient, who has alopecia totalis, a total lack of scalp hair along with eczema, experienced significant hair regrowth while being treated with dupilumab, a drug marketed under the brand name Dupixent.

Losing One Hour Of Sleep Impact On Human Health

We all have nights where we do not get as much sleep as we would like. But missing out on even an hour can impact our health. While an hour may not really seem like a long time, 60 minutes of lost sleep can have an effect on your body.

Research has shown that an hour of sleep may cause increased appetite something like 200 more calories the day after the change kicks in as well as reduced exercise endurance and decreased productivity.